Lidded Pot-pourri Vase (vase or pot-pourri vaisseau à mât, deuxième grandeur)

Object Details

Title:

Lidded Pot-pourri Vase (vase or pot-pourri vaisseau à mât, deuxième grandeur)

Artist/Maker(s):

Painting on front panel attributed to Charles-Nicolas Dodin (French, 1734 - 1803, active at Sèvres, France from 1754)

Reserve scenes after engravings by Jacques-Philippe Le Bas (French, 1707 - 1783)

after paintings by David Teniers the Younger (Flemish, 1610 - 1690)

Sèvres Manufactory (French, active 1756 - present)

Culture:

French

Date:

about 1760

Medium:

Soft paste porcelain; pink and green ground colors; polychrome enamel decoration and gilding

Dimensions:

37.5 x 34.8 x 17.3 cm (14 3/4 x 13 11/16 x 6 13/16 in.)

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This boat-shaped vase is one of the most famous models introduced by the Sèvres porcelain manufactory; such discerning patrons as Madame de Pompadour and her brother the marquis de Marigny collected the form. Among the largest vessels produced by the factory, these vases were extremely difficult to fire; the multiple piercings in the body weakened the overall structure, and they tended to collapse in the kiln. Consequently, only about twelve were ever produced, ten of which survive today.

The shape derives from the nef, a table decoration in the form of a ship, usually of precious metals, used since medieval times. This vase would have held potpourri used to perfume a room. Eighteenth-century ladies made their own, experimenting with various ingredients and sometimes blending essences for as long as nine years. Vases known as vaisseau à mat(masted ships) were made to be sold with other vases of different shapes to form a garniture. Claude-Nicolas Dodin painted the rustic scene on the front, copying an engraving after a painting by the Flemish artist David Teniers the Younger.

Bibliography

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de Chavagnac, Xavier. Catalogue des porcelaines françaises de M. J. Pierpont Morgan (Paris, 1910), no. 109, pl. 33.

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The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 167.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collection of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 77, no. 167.

Plumb, John. "The Intrigues of Sèvres." House and Garden 158, no. 1 (U.S.A., January 1986), pp. 44-54.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), p. 183.

Sassoon, Adrian. Vincennes and Sèvres Porcelain: Catalogue of the Collections (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), pp. 49-56, no. 10.

Bremer-David, Charissa et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), pp. 131-32, no. 221.

Dell, Theodore. "J. Pierpont Morgan, Master Collector: Lover of the 18th Century French Decorative Arts." International Fine Art and Antiques Dealers Show (New York: Seventh Regiment Armory, 1995), pp. 25-34.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 214, ill.

Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Decorative Arts (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 99, no. 77.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), pp. 214-15.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), pp. 113-14, no. 231.

Coutts, Howard. The Art of Ceramics: European Ceramic Design 1500-1830 (New Haven, 2001), p. 114, fig. 139.