The J. Paul Getty Museum

Chandelier

Object Details

Title:

Chandelier

Artist/Maker:

Unknown

Culture:

German

Place:

probably Würzburg, Germany (Place Created)

Date:

about 1710–1715

Medium:

Colored and plain glass; silvered foil lacquered with green and pink translucent varnish; paktong (an alloy of nickel, zinc, and copper); gilt and silvered bronze; rock crystal

Object Number:

74.DH.29

Dimensions:

199.4 × 116.8 cm, 90.7194 kg (78 1/2 × 46 in., 200 lb.)

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Object Description

This early chandelier's frame consists of four branches made of silvered bronze and set with short lengths of clear glass wrapped in foils coated with pink and green varnish. The rosettes and pendants or drops are also colored with foil covered in transparent varnishes of pink, while glass beads are tinted blue, green, brown, and purple to imitate colored gemstones. The chandelier was probably produced in Wurzburg, Germany, as similar chandeliers hang in the Royal Palace there.

Most of the intricate craftsmanship on this chandelier can only be seen from the top and sides, which suggests that it may have hung in a stairwell where the viewer could climb above it.

Provenance
Provenance
-

Private Collection (Turin, Italy), sold to Jacques Kugel.
Source: Correspondence with Jacques Kugel, December 1977, in the files of the Department of Sculpture and Decorative Arts, J. Paul Getty Museum.

-

Jacques Kugel, French, born Russia, 1912 - 1985 (Paris, France)
Source: Correspondence with Jacques Kugel, December 1977, in the files of the Department of Sculpture and Decorative Arts, J. Paul Getty Museum.

-

Michel Meyer Antiquaire (Paris, France), sold to Kraemer et Cie.
Source: Correspondence with Michael Meyer, May 7, 1986, in the files of the Department of Sculpture and Decorative Arts, J. Paul Getty Museum.

- 1974

Kraemer et Cie, French, founded 1875 (Paris, France), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1974.

Bibliography
Bibliography

Frel, Jiri, Burton B. Fredericksen, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 3rd ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), p. 75.

Frel, Jiri, Burton Fredericksen, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1976), p. 80.

Wilson, Gillian. Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1977), pp. 12-13, 59, no. 12.

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. Guidebook: The J. Paul Getty Museum. 4th ed. Sandra Morgan, ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1978), pp. 100, 104, ill.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 57, no. 126.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 99, no. 159.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 248, no. 513.

McCaffety, Kerri. The Chandelier Through the Centuries: A History of Great European Styles (New Orleans: Vissi d'Arte Books, 2006), pp. 52-53, ill.