The J. Paul Getty Museum

Street Scene

Object Details

Title:

Street Scene

Artist/Maker:

Jacobus Vrel (Dutch, active 1654 - 1662)

Culture:

Dutch

Date:

about 1654–1662

Medium:

Oil on panel

Object Number:

70.PB.21

Dimensions:

41.3 × 34 cm (16 1/4 × 13 3/8 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of J. Paul Getty

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Object Description

With an approach completely different from that of his contemporaries, Jacobus Vrel captured the feeling of everyday life on a town street where tall buildings with shops and markets crowd out the sky and people have time to chat amid the bricks and cobblestones.

Never trained in the popular manner, Vrel did not use perspective and he never primed his canvases. His figures do not cast shadows. Yet his primitive, independent style imparts a naive intimacy and truth to the moments he chose for his panels. His humble approach, imbued with sincerity and compassion for the average person, shows sensitivity toward the quiet moments that make up the bulk of most people's lives.

This picture was once owned by Etienne-Joseph-Théophile-Thoré [pseud. Willem Bürger], who rediscovered Johannes Vermeer in the 1800s and believed that this panel was by Vermeer himself.

Provenance
Provenance
- by 1862

Private Collection (Netherlands)

by 1862 - 1869

Etienne-Joseph-Théophile Thoré, 1807 - 1869 (Paris, France) [reserved by Apolline Lacroix, private sale, Paris, February 28-March 28, 1870, as "Meer (J. Van der) de Delft" [Vermeer].], by bequest to Apolline Lacroix, 1869.

1869 - 1892

Apolline Lacroix [sold, Thoré sale, Chevallier, Paris, December 5, 1892, lot 33.]

by 1910 - 1911

Adolphe Schloss, 1842 - 1910 (Paris, France), by inheritance to his wife, Lucie Schloss, 1911.

1911 - 1938

Lucie (Haas) Schloss, 1858 - 1938 (Paris, France), by inheritance to her children, Marguerite Schloss, Lucien Schloss, Henri Schloss, Raymond Schloss, and Juliette (Schloss) Weil, 1938.

1938 - 1943

Marguerite Schloss, 1879 - 1959 (Paris, France; Château de Chambon, Laguenne near Tulle, France) and Lucien Schloss, 1881 - 1962 (Paris, France; Château de Chambon, Laguenne near Tulle, France) and Henri Schloss, 1882 - 1964 (Paris, France; Château de Chambon, Laguenne near Tulle, France) and Raymond Schloss (Paris, France; Château de Chambon, Laguenne near Tulle, France) and Juliette (Schloss) Weil, born 1885 (Paris, France; Château de Chambon, Laguenne near Tulle, France), looted by the Vichy Government of France, 1943.

1943

In the possession of the Vichy government of France (Chambon, France; Paris, France), sequestered by the French State Museums at the Musée du Louvre, 1943.

1943 - 1946

Musée du Louvre (Paris, France), restituted to the Adolphe Schloss Family, July 1946.

1946 - 1951

Schloss Family (Paris, France) [sold, Schloss sale, Galerie Charpentier, Rheims & Baudoin, Paris, December 3, 1951, lot 60, to Rosenberg & Stiebel, Inc.]

1951

Rosenberg & Stiebel, Inc. (New York, New York), sold to J. Paul Getty, 1951.

1951 - 1970

J. Paul Getty, American, 1892 - 1976 (Malibu, California; Sutton Place, Surrey, England), donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1970.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Exposition rétrospective: Tableaux anciens empruntés aux galeries particulières (May 1866)
  • Palais des Champs-Elysées (Paris), May to May 1866
Loan Exhibition of Dutch Paintings G. [sic] Paul Getty Collection (1952)
  • Los Angeles Museum of History, Science and Art (Los Angeles), 1952
Masterpieces of Art: In Memory of William R. Valentiner, 1880-1958 [...] (April 6 to May 17, 1959)
  • North Carolina Museum of Art (Raleigh), April 6 to May 17, 1959
Delft Masters, Vermeer's Contemporaries (March 1 to June 2, 1996)
  • Stedelijk Museum Het Prinsenhof (Delft), March 1 to June 2, 1996
Bibliography
Bibliography

Villemer, Marquis de [Charles Yriarte]. "Revue de Paris." Le Figaro, Paris (May 20, 1866), p. 1.

Bürger, W. [Théophile Thoré]. "Van der Meer de Delft." Gazette des beaux-arts 21, no. 5 (November 1, 1866), p. 463.

Bürger, W. [Théophile Thoré]. "Van der Meer de Delft." Gazette des beaux-arts 21, no. 6 (December 1, 1866), pp. 569-70, no. 54.

Hôtel Drouot, Paris. Catalogue de tableaux anciens [...] Le tout formant la collection de feu Thoré-Bürger. December 5, 1892, p. 24, lot 33 (as Vermeer).

Hofstede de Groot, Cornelis. "Paris. Hôtel Drouot. Die Auction Thoré-Bürger." Repertorium für Kunstwissenschaft 16 (1893), p. 119, no. 33.

Brière-Misme, Clotilde. "Un 'Intimiste' hollandais: Jacob Vrel." La Revue de l'art ancien et moderne 68, no. 365 (November 1935), pp. 105, 109, fig. 3.

Blum, André. Vermeer et Thoré-Bürger (Geneva: Éditions du Mont-Blanc, 1946), p. 185, no. 54.

Bazin, Germain. Les Grands maîtres hollandais (Paris: F. Nathan, 1950), p. 187, no. 115, ill.

Galerie Charpentier, Paris. Collection de feu M. Adolphe Schloss (deuxième vente): Tableaux anciens. December 5, 1951, unpaginated, lot 60, pl. 44.

World Collectors Annuary 3 (1951), pp. 27, 514, no. 4345, ill.

Valentiner, William R., and Paul Wescher. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1954), p. 27, no. 12, ill.

Valentiner, William R. "Jacque de Ville or Jacobus Vrel." Bulletin of the J. Paul Getty Museum 1, no. 2 (1959), p. 23, fig. 15.

Masterpieces of Art: In Memory of William R. Valentiner, 1880-1958, Representing His Achievements During Fifty Years of Service in American Museums, exh. cat. (Raleigh: North Carolina Museum of Art, 1959), pp. 144, 154, no. 91, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B. A Handbook of the Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1965), p. 18, no. G-90, pl. 15.

Getty, J. Paul. The Joys of Collecting (New York: Hawthorn Books, Inc., 1965), pp. 30, 123, ill.

Walford, E. J. "Jacobus Vrel: A Reassessment of His Work, and His Place in the Dutch 17th Century." Unpublished typescript (Free University, Amsterdam, 1971), p. 9.

Fredericksen, Burton B. Catalogue of the Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1972), p. 87, no. 115, ill.

Wright, Christopher. The Dutch Painters: 100 Seventeenth Century Masters (London: Orbis, 1978), p. 212, ill.

Sutton, Peter C. A Guide to Dutch Art in America (Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1986), p. 144.

Lokin, Daniëlle. "Views in and of Delft, 1650-1675." In Delft Masters, Vermeer's Contemporaries: Illusionism Through the Conquest of Light and Space, exh. cat. (Delft: Stedelijk Museum Het Prinsenhof, with Waanders, 1996), pp. 103, 105, fig. 88.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 133, ill.

Jowell, Frances Suzman. "Thoré-Bürger's Art Collection: 'A Rather Unusual Gallery of Bric-à-Brac.'" Simiolus 30, nos. 1-2 (2003), pp. 59, 60, fig. 6; p. 108, no. 33.

Jowell, Frances Suzman. "Impressionism and the Golden Age of Dutch Art." In Inspiring Impressionism: The Impressionists and the Art of the Past, exh. cat. Ann Dumas, ed. (Denver: Denver Art Museum, with Yale University Press, 2007), pp. 90, 91, fig. 28.

Education Resources
Education Resources

Education Resource

Subjects

Grades

Format

Buildings, Buildings Everywhere

Students learn about shapes in architecture by painting their school and writing a reflective summary of their study of architecture.

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts

3-5

Three/Five-Part Lesson