Mantel Clock

Object Details

Title:

Mantel Clock

Artist/Maker:

Clock movement by Étienne-Augustin Le Roy (French, 1737 - 1792, master 1758)
and case by Etienne Martincourt (French, died after 1791, master 1762)

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France (Place created)

Date:

about 1772

Medium:

Gilt bronze; enameled metal; glass

Dimensions:

71.1 x 59.7 x 32.4 cm (28 x 23 1/2 x 12 3/4 in.)

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To the left sits a female figure with a celestial globe represents Astronomy, while on the right, Geography holds a loosely rolled map. Both figures are well modeled and must have been made by an accomplished sculptor. As is often the case with objects made entirely of bronze, the clock is not signed. A drawing of this work still survives, signed by the bronze caster Étienne Martincourt. At the time of the French Revolution, this clock stood on the mantel of Louis XVI's Salon de Conseil (Council Room) at the Tuileries Palace.

Charles Le Roy, whose name appears on the dial and the movement of the clock, died in 1771. As two springs are dated 1772, however, the clock was obviously completed after his death. The movement must have been finished by Le Roy's son Étienne-Augustin, who signed his father's name, following the accepted practice of the time.

Bibliography

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), p. 165, ill.

Wilson, Gillian. French Eighteenth-Century Clocks in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1976), p. 64-66, no. 13.

Wilson, Gillian. Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1977), p. 70, no. 94.

Miller, Carole Ann Lyons. "Clockwise Special Report: The J. Paul Getty Museum." Clockwise (August 1979), pp. 15-21, fig. 13.

Edey, Winthrop. French Clocks in North American Collections (New York, 1982), p. 67.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 169.

Ottomeyer, Hans, and Peter Pröschel, eds. Vergoldete Bronzen: Die Bronzearbeiten des Spätbarock und Klassizismus. 2 vols. (Munich: Klinkhardt & Biermann, 1986), vol. 1, p. 181, fig. 3.7.10.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collection of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), pp. 41-42, no. 90.

Augarde, Jean-Dominique. "L'Ameublement du Palais Directorial du Luxembourg." In De Versailles à Paris (Paris: Centre Culturel du Panthéon, 1987), pp. 140, 146, fig. 1.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 2nd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1988), p. 169.

Charles, Jacques, et al. De Versailles à Paris: Le Destin des collections royales (Paris: Centre culturel du Panthéon, 1989), p. 140, fig. 1.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), p. 186.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 91, no. 142.

Wilson, Gillian, et al. European Clocks in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1996), pp. 114-23, no. 16.

Augarde, Jean-Dominique. Les Ouvriers du Temps, La Pendule à Paris de Louis XIV à Napoléon Ier (Geneva, 1996), pp. 238, 241, pl. 188.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 220, ill.

Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Decorative Arts (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 105, no. 82.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 220.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), pp. 242-43, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 8th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2015), p. 300, ill.

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