The J. Paul Getty Museum

Card Players

Object Details

Title:

Card Players

Artist/Maker:

Josse van Craesbeeck (Flemish, about 1605/1608 - before 1662)

Culture:

Flemish

Place:

Holland (Place Created)

Date:

about 1645

Medium:

Oil on panel

Object Number:

70.PB.18

Dimensions:

31.1 × 38.7 cm (12 1/4 × 15 1/4 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of J. Paul Getty

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Object Description

In seventeenth-century Flanders, paintings of peasant scenes began to take on a new character, emphasizing carousing, drinking, and smoking. The central action of this painting is a variation on the theme of cardsharks made popular by Caravaggio. Josse van Craesbeeck's Card Players also shows the influence of his friend and teacher Adriaen Brouwer, who painted similarly sordid tavern scenes.

Craesbeeck presented peasants engaged in crude, dishonest, and vulgar activities. In this disreputable game of cards, the woman decides which card to play by examining her opponent's cards, which she sees in a mirror held up behind her opponent's back by her accomplice. At the right, another woman with a broken pipe at her feet drinks wine and smokes, while a man relieves himself against the wall. A seated child wearing a kind of turban plays on the floor. The woman with the straw hat and the bearded man, colored with great refinement, are characteristic types in Craesbeeck's repertory of figures. Possibly influenced by Caravaggio's followers, Craesbeeck paid careful attention to the effects of light, which streams into the room from a single window.

Provenance
Provenance
- 1900

Princess Marie Wassilievna Woronzoff [sold, Woronzow sale, Sambon, Florence, April 4, 1900, lot 493.]

by 1916 - 1938

Lucie (Haas) Schloss, 1858 - 1938 (Paris, France), by inheritance to her children, Marguerite Schloss, Lucien Schloss, Henri Schloss, Raymond Schloss, and Juliette (Schloss) Weil, 1938.

1938 - 1943

Marguerite Schloss, 1879 - 1959 (Paris, France; Château de Chambon, Laguenne near Tulle, France) and Lucien Schloss, 1881 - 1962 (Paris, France; Château de Chambon, Laguenne near Tulle, France) and Henri Schloss, 1882 - 1964 (Paris, France; Château de Chambon, Laguenne near Tulle, France) and Raymond Schloss (Paris, France; Château de Chambon, Laguenne near Tulle, France) and Juliette (Schloss) Weil, born 1885 (Paris, France; Château de Chambon, Laguenne near Tulle, France), looted by the Vichy Government of France, 1943.

1943

In the possession of the Vichy government of France (Chambon, France; Paris, France), sequestered by the French State Museums at the Musée du Louvre, 1943.

1943 - 1946

Musée du Louvre, restituted to the Adolphe Schloss Family, July 1946.

1946 - 1951

Schloss Family (Paris, France) [sold, Schloss sale, Galerie Charpentier, Paris, December 5, 1951, lot 12, to Rosenberg & Stiebel, Inc.]

1951

Rosenberg & Stiebel, Inc. (New York, New York), sold to J. Paul Getty, 1951.

1951 - 1970

J. Paul Getty, American, 1892 - 1976 (Malibu, California; Sutton Place, Surrey, England), donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1970.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Rubens et son temps (1936 to 1937)
  • Musée de l'Orangerie (Paris), 1936 to 1937
Loan Exhibition of Dutch Paintings G. [sic] Paul Getty Collection (1952)
  • Los Angeles Museum of History, Science and Art (Los Angeles), 1952
Bibliography
Bibliography

Giulio Sambon, Florence. Catalogue des objects d'art et d'ameublement tableaux anciens et modernes [...] la vente aux enchères publiques aura lieu par suite du décès et pour compte des béritiers de son altesse la princesse de son altesse la Princesse Marie Wassilievna Woronzow et de son fils Gentilhomme de S. M. l'Empereur de Russie M. Nicolas Stolypine duc de Montelfi a Florence. April 23, 1900, p. 38, lot 493, pl. 9.

Manteuffel, Kurt Zoege von. "Joos van Craesbeeck." Jahrbuch der Königlich preussischen Kunstsammlungen 37 (1916), p. 321n1.

Sterling, Charles. Rubens et son temps, exh. cat. (Paris: Musée de l'Orangerie, 1936), pp. 37-38, no. 19.

World Collectors Annuary. 47 vols. (1946-97). (Amsterdam: Minerva Uitgevers Maatschappij, 1951), vol. 3, p. 163, no. 886.

Galerie Charpentier, Paris. Collection de feu M. Adolphe Schloss (deuxième vente): Tableaux anciens. December 5, 1951, unpaginated, lot 12, pl. 9.

Valentiner, William R., and Paul Wescher. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1954), p. 27.

Valentiner, William R., and Paul Wescher. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 2nd ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1956), p. 23.

Legrand, Francine-Claire. Les peintres flamands de genre au XVIIe siècle (Brussels: Éditions Meddens, 1963), pp. 131-32, 261n260.

Fredericksen, Burton B. A Handbook of the Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1965), p. 17, no. G-86, fig. 13.

Getty, J. Paul. The Joys of Collecting (New York: Hawthorn Books, Inc., 1965), pp. 30, 115, 124, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B. Catalogue of the Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1972), p. 73, no. 88.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 29, ill.

Filipczak, Zirka Z. Hot Dry Men, Cold Wet Women: The Theory of Humors in Western European Art, 1575-1700, exh. cat. (Omaha, NE: Joslyn Art Museum, with The American Federation of Arts, 1997), p. 28 n.35.

Rothe, Andrea, and Giovanni Marussich. "Florentine Structural Stabilization Techniques." In The Structural Conservation of Panel Paintings. Proceedings of a Symposium at the J. Paul Getty Museum 24-28 April 1995. Kathleen Dardes and Andrea Rothe, eds. (Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute, 1998), p. 308, fig. 2d.

Boyer, Sylvain, and Franck Guillaume. Peintres flamandes, hollandaises et allemandes du Musée Calvet, Avignon (Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 2006), pp. 80-81, under no. 32.

Clippel, Karlolien de. Joos van Craesbeeck (1605/06-ca. 1660). 2 vols. (Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2006), vol. 1, pp. 225-26, no. A87; vol. 2, fig. 87.