Wall Clock (Pendule)

Object Details

Title:

Wall Clock (Pendule)

Artist/Maker(s):

case possibly after a design by Juste-Aurèle Meissonnier (French, born Italy, 1695 - 1750, master 1724)

clock movement by Jean-Jacques Fiéffé (French, about 1700 - 1770, master 1725)

Culture:

French

Place(s):

Paris, France (Place created)

Date:

about 1735 - 1740

Medium:

Gilt bronze, enameled metal, wood carcass, glass

Dimensions:

133.4 x 67.3 x 14.3 cm (52 1/2 x 26 1/2 x 5 5/8 in.)

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The clock's swirling leaves and asymmetrical overall design are typical of the work of Juste-Aurèle Meissonnier, a designer and goldsmith and one of the leading exponents of the Rococo style. In an engraved book of Meissonnier's works, published about 1750, the antechamber wall in a cross-section of a house features a large clock with a reclining figure below the dial positioned like that on the Getty Museum's clock.

Such clocks, also known as pendules d'alcove (alcove clocks), were usually small, suitable for hanging in an alcove above a bed. The repeating mechanisms that chimed the nearest hour and quarter hour when a string was pulled eliminated the need to light a candle to see the dial. They also prevented the constant chiming that would awaken a sleeper. This is the largest known example of the pendule d'alcove, indicating that it was made for an extremely imposing interior.

The figures on this clock represent Love conquering Time, a theme often repeated on mid-eighteenth century French clocks. The two cherubs above carry away the scythe and hourglass, the symbols of Time, while Time himself lies vanquished below with his globe, protractor, and pair of compasses.

Exhibitions
Taking Shape: Finding Sculpture in the Decorative Arts (October 2, 2008 to July 5, 2009) (17)
  • Henry Moore Institute, (Leeds), October 2, 2008 to January 4, 2009
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 31 to July 5, 2009
Paris: Life & Luxury (April 26, 2011 to January 2, 2012) (20)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), April 26 to August 7, 2011
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, September 18, 2011 to January 2, 2012
Bibliography

Schlumberger, Eveline. "Caffiéri, le bronzier de Louis XV," Connaissance des arts (May 1965), p. 83, ill.

Wilson, Gillian. Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1977), p. 31, no. 40.

Mabille, Gérard. Le style Louis XV (Paris: Baschet et Cie, 1978), p. 175, ill.

Miller, Carole Ann Lyons. "Clockwise Special Report: The J. Paul Getty Museum." Clockwise (August 1979), pp. 15-21, fig. 6.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collection of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), pp. 38-39, no. 83.

Borelli, Gian Giotto. Antiquités & Objets d'art-Horloges et Pendules (Paris, 1992), pp. 49, 57, ill.

Bremer-David, Charissa et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 86, no. 133.

Wilson, Gillian, et al. European Clocks in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1996), pp. 58-64, no. 8.

Augarde, Jean-Dominique. Les Ouvriers du Temps, La Pendule à Paris de Louis XIV à Napoléon Ier (Geneva, 1996), pp. 314-15, fig. 238.

Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Decorative Arts (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 80, no. 60.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 68, no. 133.

Droth, Martina, and Penelope Curtis, eds. Taking Shape: Finding Sculpture in the Decorative Arts, exh. cat. (Leeds, Henry Moore Foundation; Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2009), pp. 72-73, no. 17, p. 10, p. 172 (entry by Katie Scott).

Bremer-David, Charissa, ed. Paris: Life & Luxury in the Eighteenth Century, exh. cat. (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2011), pp. 46-47, 119, fig. 29, no. 20.