Commode

Object Details

Title:

Commode

Artist/Maker:

Etienne Doirat (French, about 1675 - 1732)

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France (Place created)

Date:

about 1725–1730

Medium:

Oak and fir veneered with kingwood and amaranth; walnut drawers; gilt-bronze mounts; brèche d'Alep top

Object Number:

72.DA.66

Dimensions:

86.4 × 168.9 × 71.7 cm (34 × 66 1/2 × 28 1/4 in.)

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The swollen, curved form of this large commode is called bombé. A small wheel at the center front of the lower drawer supports its weight, allowing it to be opened with greater ease. The gilt bronze mounts in the form of male and female heads on the corners and festooned lambrequins in the center are part of the repertory consistently used by the cabinetmaker Étienne Doirat. On the interior, the sides of the drawers curve to correspond with the curving sides of the commode; this feature serves no practical purpose other than to display the cabinetmaker's virtuosity.

Doirat, whose name is stamped on the top of the commode, was one of the few cabinetmakers to regularly place his name on his works before a guild rule in the late 1740s made stamping mandatory.

Provenance
- 1938

George Durlacher, English, 1859 - 1942 (London, England) [sold, Italian Majolica, Bronzes & Objects of Art, French and Italian Furniture of the Renaissance, Tapestry, and Textiles, Christie's, London, April 6-7, 1938, lot 176, for 273 guineas to Sutch.]

1938 -

Sutch

- 1966

Private Collection [sold, Important French and Other Continental Furniture, Christie's, London, December 1, 1966, lot 70, for 5,500 guineas to Perman.]

1966 -

Perman

- 1972

Aveline & Co. (Paris, France), sold through French and Company (New York, New York) to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1972.

Bibliography

Augarde, Jean-Dominique. “Signaturen französischer Möbel.” Kunst & Antiquitäten 1 (January/February 1984), p. 56, fig. 6.

Augarde, Jean-Dominique. "Etienne Doirat, Menuisier en Ebène." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 13 (1985), pp. 37-38, 45, no. 4, fig. 4.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 152.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 10, no. 21.

Kjellberg, Pierre. Le Mobilier français du XVIIIe siècle: Dictionnaire des ébénistes et des menuisiers (Paris: Éditions de l'Amateur, 1989), p. 264.

Pradère, Alexandre. Les ébénistes français de Louis XIV à la Révolution (Paris: Chêne, 1989), p. 122, fig. 78.

Pradère, Alexandre. French Furniture Makers: The Art of the Ébéniste from Louis XIV to the Revolution (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1989), p. 122, fig. 78.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), p. 166.

L'Abbé d'Arrides. "Les Commodes Tombeaux." L'Estampille/L'Objet d'Art 260 (July-August 1992), p. 60, figs. 15-16.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 24, no. 22.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 196.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 196.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 13, no. 22.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), p. 222, ill.

Wilson, Gillian, et al. French Furniture and Gilt Bronzes: Baroque and Régence: Catalogue of the J. Paul Getty Museum Collection (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2008), pp. 192-203, no. 19.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 8th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2015), p. 269, ill.