The J. Paul Getty Museum

Chair (fauteuil de toilette)

Object Details


Chair (fauteuil de toilette)


Georges Jacob (French, 1739 - 1814, master 1765)

and Jean-Baptiste-Simon Rode (French, 1735 - 1799, master 1766)

and Originally painted by Chaillot

Fabric by Desfarges (French, 1739 - 1814, master 1765)




Paris, France (Place Created)


about 1787


Carved beech; caning; modern silk velvet upholstery

Object Number:



85.1 × 57.8 × 54.6 cm (33 1/2 × 22 3/4 × 21 1/2 in.)

See more

See less

Object Description

Marie-Antoinette sat in this chair while her servants arranged her hair and applied her makeup in her bedroom at the Petit Trianon a small house built on the grounds of the Palace of Versailles. Known as a chaise de toilette, its swivel mechanism and low back were specially designed for performing the daily rituals of dressing. It is finely carved with bands of lily of the valley and ivy along the curved supports of the arms, while the legs and edge of the circular seat imitate caning.

The Petit Trianon was given to the queen by her husband, Louis XVI, as a private retreat where she could escape from the rigid etiquette of court life. Marie-Antoinette furnished these intimate apartments, which were never seen by most of the courtiers, with exquisite furniture that reflected her own personal taste.

This chair was part of a set of furniture delivered to the palace in 1787 that also included two armchairs, two side chairs, a fire screen, and a stool. The bed from the set is missing, but the rest remains at the Petit Trianon. The other pieces retain the original pastel-colored paint in yellow, blue, green, and white that has unfortunately been stripped from this chair.

about 1787 - 1792

French Crown, Garde-Meuble de la Reine (ordered by Pierre-Charles Bonnefoy du Plan for the chambre à coucher du treillage at the Petit Trianon, Versailles, France), nationalized by the revolutionary government in 1792.

1792 - 1793

French government, Convention Nationale, Garde-Meuble National [included with the rest of the queen's bedchamber furniture as no. 2477 in the October 2 1793 sale], sold at auction and acquired by the marchand-mercier Rocheux through the agent and merchant Hébert.

1793 -

Rocheux (Paris, France)

before 1921

Senator George P. Wetmore, 1846 - 1921 (Château-sur-Mer, Newport, Rhode Island), by inheritance to his daughters Edith M.K. Wetmore and Maude A.K Wetmore, 1921.

1921 - 1951

Maude A.K. Wetmore, 1873 - 1951 (Château-sur-Mer, Newport, Rhode Island) and Edith M.K. Wetmore, 1870 - 1966 (Château-sur-Mer, Newport, Rhode Island), retained by her sister Edith M.K. Wetmore, 1951.

1951 - 1966

Edith M.K. Wetmore, 1870 - 1966, devolved to her estate upon her death, 1966.

1966 - 1969

Estate of Edith M.K. Wetmore, 1870 - 1966 (Château-sur-Mer, Newport, Rhode Island), consigned at her death to Parke-Bernet Galleries, 1969.

1969 - 1971

Parke-Bernet Galleries (New York) (New York, New York), [unsold, (...) Works of Art at Château-sur-Mer, Newport Residence of the Late Edith M.K. Wetmore & Maude A.K. Wetmore, Parke-Bernet, Château-sur-Mer, Newport, Rhode Island, September 16-18, 1969, lot 1037; sold, 18th-Century French & Other Continental Furniture (...), Parke-Bernet, New York, New York, Februrary 20, 1971, lot 122, to Dalva Brothers Inc.]

1971 - 1972

Dalva Brothers, Inc., American, founded 1933, dissolved 2020 (New York, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1972.

The J. Paul Getty Collection of French Decorative Arts (October 3, 1972 to August 31, 1973)
  • The Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit), October 3, 1972 to August 31, 1973
Splendors of Versailles (April 1 to August 31, 1998)
  • Mississippi Arts Pavilion (Jackson), April 1 to August 31, 1998

Frel, Jiri, Burton B. Fredericksen, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 3rd ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), p. 88.

Wilson, Gillian. "The J. Paul Getty Museum, 7ème partie: Le Mobilier Louis XVI." Connaissance des arts 280 (June 1975), p. 92, ill.

Frel, Jiri, Burton Fredericksen, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1976), p. 94.

Wilson, Gillian. Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1977), p. 97, no. 125.

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. Guidebook: The J. Paul Getty Museum. 4th ed. Sandra Morgan, ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1978), p. 123.

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 5th ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1980), p. 120.

Beurdeley, Michel. La France à l'encan, 1789-1799: exode des objets d'art sous la Révolution (Paris: Jules Tallandier, 1981), p. 109.

Wilson, Gillian. Selections from the Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983), pp. 94-95, no. 47.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 48, no. 104.

Kjellberg, Pierre. Le Mobilier français du XVIIIe siècle: Dictionnaire des ébénistes et des menuisiers (Paris: Éditions de l'Amateur, 1989), p. 426.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 70, no. 101.

Constans, Claire, and Xavier Salmon, eds. Splendors of Versailles, exh. cat. (Jackson: Mississippi Arts Pavilion, 1998), p. 191, no. 97, entry by Claire Constans.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 52, no. 100.

Wilson, Gillian. "Versailles au J. Paul Getty Museum." Versalia, Revue de la Société des Amis de Versailles 5 (2002), pp. 98-99, figs. 8-9.

Adlin, Jane. "Vanities: Art of the Dressing Table." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 71 no. 2 (Fall 2013), p. 8, fig. 8.

Chrisman-Campbell, Kimberly, Fashion Victims: Dress at the Court of Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2015), p. 37, fig. 17.

Delalex, Hélène, et al. Marie-Antoinette (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2016), pp. 2, 7, ill.