Portrait of Louis XIV

Object Details

Title:

Portrait of Louis XIV

Artist/Maker(s):

After Hyacinthe Rigaud (French, 1659 - 1743)

Culture:

French

Date:

1659 - 1743

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

289.6 x 159.1 cm (114 x 62 5/8 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of J. Paul Getty

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Louis XIV's court adored Hyacinthe Rigaud, who helped to formulate what a state portrait should be. While Rigaud made a credible likeness of the king, his purpose was not to express Louis's character but to glorify the monarchy. His original Portrait of Louis XIV of 1701, now in the Louvre, was so popular that Rigaud had many copies made, both in full and half-length formats, often with the help of assistants.

In this portrait from Rigaud's workshop, Louis XIV's ceremonial robes, elegant stance, and haughty expression proclaim his exalted status. Despite the vast expanses of canvas he covered, Rigaud remained concerned with the particular, describing the king's costume in great detail, even down to his shoe buckles.

Provenance

Possibly Palais des Tuileries (Paris, France)

1830 - possibly 1836

Possibly King Charles X of France, French, 1757 - 1836 (Paris, France; Schloss Frohsdorf, Austria), possibly by inheritance to his daughter-in-law, Marie-Caroline, or his grandson, Henri de Bourbon V, possibly 1836.

Possibly Marie-Caroline, Duchesse de Berri, 1798 - 1870

- possibly by 1883

Henri de Bourbon V, duke of Bordeaux and count of Chambord, 1820 - 1883 (Schloss Frohsdorf, Austria; Paris, France; Venice, Italy), by inheritance within the Bourbon family, possibly to Jaime III de Borbón y Borbón.

- 1931

Jaime III de Borbón y Borbón, 1870 - 1931, by inheritance to his niece, Beatrice Teresa de Borbòn y Borbòn, 1931.

1931 - 1938

Princess Beatrice Teresa de Borbón y Borbón, 1871 - 1961 (Rome, Italy; Schloss Frohsdorf, Austria) [sold, Massimo sale, Sotheby's, London, July 20, 1938, lot 136, to J. Paul Getty.]

1938 - 1970

J. Paul Getty, American, 1892 - 1976 (Malibu, California; Sutton Place, Surrey, England), donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1970.

Education Resources

Education Resource

Subjects

Grades

Format

The Ultimate Desk

Lesson in which students learn about the Baroque period, work in groups to create a Baroque desk, and reflection on the process in journals

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts; Music

3-5

Long-Term Unit

Historical Witness, Social Messaging

Additional works of art related to the themes and topics of the curriculum.