Tapestry: Jupiter transformé en Diane pour surprendre Callisto avec Vertumne et Pomone, from Les Tentures de François Boucher Series

Object Details

Title:

Tapestry: Jupiter transformé en Diane pour surprendre Callisto avec Vertumne et Pomone, from Les Tentures de François Boucher Series

Artist/Maker:

After painting by François Boucher (French, 1703 - 1770)
and after designs by Maurice Jacques (French, about 1712 - 1784)
and after designs by Louis Tessier (French, about 1719 - 1781)
and Jacques Neilson (British, Scottish, about 1718 - 1788)
Royal Factory of Furniture to the Crown at the Gobelins Manufactory (French, founded 1662 - present)

Culture:

French

Place:

France (Place created)

Date:

1776 - 1778

Medium:

Wool and silk

Dimensions:

383.5 × 624.8 cm (151 × 246 in.)

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This tapestry contains two scenes taken from Ovid's Metamorphoses. At first glance, both scenes appear to show two female lovers in a wooded landscape. But the goddess of the hunt on the left actually represents the god Jupiter, who has taken the form of Diana in order to seduce one of her followers. The eagle with thunderbolts in its claws, a symbol of Jupiter, is a clue to his presence.

On the right, an old woman in heavy robes is really Vertumnus, the god of orchards, disguised in order to enter the garden of Pomona, the young goddess of gardens. Identified by her attributes of fruit, flowers, and a watering can, she suspects nothing and dreamily listens to Vertumnus, who sits beside her.

Imitating paintings, these roundels are set in oval frames, with the artist François Boucher's signature woven into the right scene. A decorative setting known as an alentours surrounds the two simulated paintings. As in the other tapestries in this set, thick garlands of flowers, exotic birds, and metalwork vases fill this border. Musical and hunting trophies hang beneath each roundel.

The tapestry is based on designs by Maurice Jacques, Louis Tessier, and Jacques Neilson.

Provenance
1782

King Louis XVI of France, French, 1754 - 1793, given as one of a set of four tapestries to Grand Duke Paul Petrovitch and Grand Duchess Maria Feodorovna of Russia in 1782.

1782 - 1801

Grand Duke Paul Petrovitch of Russia, later Czar Paul I, 1754 - 1801

-

and Grand Duchess Maria Feodorovna of Russia, 1759 - 1828 (hung initially in the Grand Duke's Cabinet des tapisseries, and later moved to the Grand Duchess's library, at the Palace of Pavlovsk, near St. Petersburg, Russia), by inheritance within the Russian Imperial Collection.

1801 - 1917

Russian Imperial Collection (Palace of Pavlovsk, near St. Petersburg, Russia), nationalized during the Russian Revolution.

after 1917 - 1931/1932

Soviet government, (Palace of Pavlovsk), and delivered to the State Trading Office known as Antikvariart on September 17, 1931 [sold 1932 to Joseph Duveen].

1932 - 1964

Duveen Brothers, Inc. (New York City, New York)

1964 - 1971

Norton Simon, American, 1907 - 1993

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through The Norton Simon Foundation [sold as one of a set of four tapestries, Parke-Bernet, New York, May 8, 1971, lot 233, to the J. Paul Getty Museum]

Exhibitions
Great Periods of Tapestry (February 1961)
  • Allentown Art Museum (Allentown), February to February, 1961
War and Peace, A German Empress at the Castle of Pavlovsk (November 9, 2001 to February 10, 2002) (186; pp. 322-323)
  • Haus der Kunst (Munich), November 9, 2001 to February 10, 2002
Bibliography

Fenaille, Maurice. Etat général des tapisseries de la Manufacture des Gobelins (Paris: Imprimerie nationale: Hachette, 1903), vol. 4, pp. 285-87.

Feodorovna, Grand Duchess Maria. "Descriptions of the Grand Palace of Pavlovsk, 1795." Les Trésors d'art en Russie. Alexander Benois, ed. (St. Petersburg, 1907), vol. 3 (1907), p. 375 ill., plates 116-15 and pp. 349-50.

Hunter, George Leland. The Practical Book of Tapestries (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1925), p. 190.

Conway, Martin. Art Treasures in Soviet Russia (London: Edward Arnold & Co, 1925), p. 125.

Ackerman, Phyllis. Tapestry: the Mirror of Civilization (New York: Oxford University Press, 1933), p. 277, pl. 45.

Great Periods of Tapestry, exh. cat. (Allentown, PA: Allentown Art Museum, 1961), ill. plate XXIV (lent by Duveen Brothers).

Dauterman, Carl Christian, James Parker, and Edith Appleton Standen. Decorative Art from the Samuel H. Kress Collection at the Metropolitan Museum of Art: The Tapestry Room from Croome Court, Furniture, Textiles, Sèvres Porcelains, and Other Objects (London: Phaidon Press for the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, 1964), p. 52, in the entry by Standen, "The Tapestry Room from Croome Court.".

Jarry, Madeleine. "A Wealth of Boucher Tapestries in American Museums." Antiques (August 1972), pp. 222-31.

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), pp. 172-73.

Fowles, Edward. Memories of Duveen Brothers (London: Times Books, 1976), pp. 195, 198 and ill. between pp. 104-5.

Wilson, Gillian. Selections from the Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983), pp. 76-77, no. 38 (only 71.DD.469 illustrated).

Standen, Edith A. European Post-Medieval Tapestries and Related Hangings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2 vols. (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1985), vol. 1, p. 397.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collection of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), pp. 106-07, no. 224.

Standen, Edith A. "Boucher as a Tapestry Designer." François Boucher 1703-1770, exh. cat. (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1986), pp. 325-33.

Massie, Suzanne. Pavlovsk: The Life of a Russian Palace (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1990), p. 310.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), pp. 177-78, no. 301.

Ducamp, Emmanuel, ed. Pavlosk: The Palace and the Park (Paris: Alain de Gourcuff, 1993), p. 53.

Verchinia, N.M. "Silks, Tapestries, and Embroideries." Pavlosk: The Collections. Emmanuel Ducamp, ed. (Paris: Alain de Gourcuff, 1993), p. 120.

Bremer-David, Charissa. French Tapestries and Textiles in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), pp. 54-69, no. 7.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), pp. 157-58, no. 309.

Gafifullin, Rifat. "Kunst und Antiquitäten aus den Leningrader Schlossmuseen, 1926-1934." Verkaufte Kultur, Die sowjetischen Kunst-und Antiquitäten exporte 1919-1938. Waltraud Bayer, ed. (Frankfurt am Main: Lang, 2001), p. 75, note 39 on p. 85, ill. pp. 76-77.

Krieg und Frieden: Eine Deutsche Zarin in Schloss Pawlowsk, exh. cat. (Munich: Haus der Kunst, 2001- 2002), pp. 322-23, no. 186.

Campbell, Sara. Collector Without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best (New Haven and London: The Norton Simon Foundation in association with Yale University Press, 2010), pp. 111 and 460, cat. D216A-D.

Semyonova, Natalya and Nicolas V. Iljine, eds. Selling Russia's Treasures: The Soviet Trade in Nationalized Art 1917-1938 (Paris and New York: The M. T. Abraham Center for the Visual Arts Foundation in association with Abbeville Press, 2013), pp. 110-111, ill.

Campbell, Sara. Lock, Stock, & Barrel: Norton Simon & the House of Duveen (Pasadena: Norton Simon Museum, 2014), p. 47, cat. D216A-D.