Clock on Bracket (Cartel sur une console)

Object Details

Title:

Clock on Bracket (Cartel sur une console)

Artist/Maker(s):

Clock movement by Jean Romilly (French, 1714 - 1796, master 1752)

Case attributed to Charles Cressent (French, 1685 - 1768, master 1719)

Bracket by Jean-Joseph de Saint-Germain (French, 1719 - 1791, master 1748)

Culture:

French

Date:

about 1758

Medium:

Gilt bronze, enameled metal; glass

Dimensions:

127.7 x 47 x 20.3 cm (50 1/4 x 18 1/2 x 8 in.)

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This wall clock design with an ornate gilt bronze case and bracket was popular in France; artisans produced such examples for nearly twenty years through the 1740s and 1750s. In the corner of the Getty Museum's pastel painting by Maurice-Quentin de la Tour from around 1740 sits a similar model in the form of a clock, on top of a cabinet. The Getty Museum's example can be dated to about 1758 because one of the movement's springs is inscribed with this date.

Scholars believe that Charles Cressent, one of the greatest ébénistes of the 1700s, designed the elaborate gilt bronze and enameled metal case of this clock. Stringent guild regulations prohibited Cressent from gilding and chasing this design himself as he was a cabinetmaker and not a member of the bronze caster's guild. However, by veneering the wooden sides of this clock with metal and then attaching the gilt bronze mounts on top, he could successfully avoid prosecution.

Provenance

George Jay Gould, 1864 - 1923 (in the "Foyer Hall" of 857 Fifth Avenue, New York City, New York)

Duveen Brothers, Inc. (New York City, New York)

by 1932 - 1970

Anna Thomson Dodge, American, born Scotland, 1871 - 1970 (Rose Terrace, Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan)

1970 - 1971

Estate of Anna Thomson Dodge, American, born Scotland, 1871 - 1970 [sold, Christie's, London, June 24, 1971, lot 40 (together with 71.DB.116) to the J. Paul Getty Museum]

Exhibitions
Paris: Life & Luxury (April 26, 2011 to January 2, 2012) (18)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), April 26 to August 7, 2011
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, September 18, 2011 to January 2, 2012
Bibliography

Duveen and Co. A Catalogue of Works of Art of the Eighteenth Century in the Collection of Anna Thomson Dodge (Detroit, 1933), non-paginated entry, ill.

Dell, Theodore. "The Gilt-Bronze Cartel Clocks of Charles Cressent." Burlington Magazine (April 1967), pp. 210-17.

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), p. 187.

Wilson, Gillian. French Eighteenth-Century Clocks in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu, 1976), pp. 44-51, nos. 8-9.

Wilson, Gillian. Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1977), p. 47, no. 61.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collection of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 38, no. 82.

Bremer-David, Charissa et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 89, no. 139.

Gonzalez-Palacios, Alvar. Il Patrimonio artistico del Quirinale, Gli Arredi Francesi (Milan, 1995), p. 297, no. 80.

Wilson, Gillian, et al. European Clocks in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1996), pp. 48-57, no. 7.

Augarde, Jean-Dominique. "Jean-Joseph de Saint Germain Bronzier (1719-1791): Inédits sur sa Vie et son Oeuvre." L'Estampille-L'Objet d'art 308 (December 1996), pp. 62-82, fig. 7.

Kjellberg, Pierre. Encyclopédie de la Pendule Française du Moyen Age au XXe siècle (Paris: Editions de l'Amateur, 1997), p. 92, fig. B.

The Louis XV Furniture from the Estate of the late Giuseppe Rossi, Volume II (London, 1999), p. 14.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 71, no. 139.

Frader, Laura. The Industrial Revolution: A History in Documents. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), p. 30.

Bremer-David, Charissa, ed. Paris: Life & Luxury in the Eighteenth Century, exh. cat. (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2011), p. 118, no. 18.