Pair of Folding Stools (pliants)

Object Details

Title:

Pair of Folding Stools (pliants)

Artist/Maker:

Jean-Baptiste-Claude Sené (French, 1748 - 1803, master 1769)
Carved by Nicolas-François Vallois (French, 1738 - 1788)
Originally gilded by Chatard (French)
and Chaudron (French)
Originally upholstered by Claude-François Capin (French, active 1763 - 1792)
and possibly after a design by Gilles-Paul Cauvet (French, 1731 - 1788)

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France (Place created)

Date:

about 1786

Medium:

Gessoed, painted, and gilded beech; modern upholstery

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These stools were part of an order of sixty-four for the French queen Marie-Antoinette's salles de jeux (gaming rooms) at the palaces of Fontainebleau and Compiègne. Originally covered with painted satin, they were delivered with twelve matching fixed-leg stools (tabourets), a folding screen, and a fire-screen. Their carved decoration consists of typical Neoclassical motifs: oak wreaths, scrolling ribbons, beading, and rosettes.

The wooden X-frame base, a traditional design that originated in classical antiquity, allowed each stool to fold easily once its cushion was removed. Thus they could be easily transported from room to room.

Related Works
Provenance
1786 - 1792

French Crown, Garde-Meuble de la Couronne (the salles des jeux de la reine in the châteaux de Fontainebleau and de Compiègne), from a set of sixty-four ordered in two groups, at the cost of 720 livres per stool, by Jean Hauré in 1786, nationalized by the revolutionary government in 1792.

1792 - after 1806

French government, Garde-Meuble National (remained at Fontainebleau and Compiègne from 1792 to 1797; those at Compiègne used to furnish the palais du Luxembourg and the Tuileries in 1797, then sent to Fontainebleau; twelve used in the emperor's bedchamber at the Tuileries in 1806)

1933

Michel (Paris, France)

- 1970

Anna Thomson Dodge, American, born Scotland, 1871 - 1970 (Rose Terrace, Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan)

1970 - 1971

Estate of Anna Thomson Dodge, American, born Scotland, 1871 - 1970 [sold, Christie's, London, June 24, 1971, lot 69, to the J. Paul Getty Museum]