The J. Paul Getty Museum

Pair of Folding Stools (pliants)

Object Details


Pair of Folding Stools (pliants)


Jean-Baptiste-Claude Sené (French, 1748 - 1803, master 1769)
Carved by Nicolas-François Vallois (French, 1738 - 1788)
Originally gilded by Chatard (French)
and Chaudron (French)
Originally upholstered by Claude-François Capin (French, active 1763 - 1792)
and possibly after a design by Gilles-Paul Cauvet (French, 1731 - 1788)




Paris, France (Place Created)


about 1786


Gessoed, painted, and gilded beech; modern upholstery

Object Number:



41.3 × 72.4 × 53.3 cm (16 1/4 × 28 1/2 × 21 in.)

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Object Description

These stools were part of an order of sixty-four for the French queen Marie-Antoinette's salles de jeux (gaming rooms) at the palaces of Fontainebleau and Compiègne. Originally covered with painted satin, they were delivered with twelve matching fixed-leg stools (tabourets), a folding screen, and a fire-screen. Their carved decoration consists of typical Neoclassical motifs: oak wreaths, scrolling ribbons, beading, and rosettes.

The wooden X-frame base, a traditional design that originated in classical antiquity, allowed each stool to fold easily once its cushion was removed. Thus they could be easily transported from room to room.

1786 - 1792

French Crown, Garde-Meuble de la Couronne (the salles des jeux de la reine in the châteaux de Fontainebleau and de Compiègne), from a set of sixty-four ordered in two groups, at the cost of 720 livres per stool, by Jean Hauré in 1786, nationalized by the revolutionary government in 1792.

1792 - after 1806

French government, Convention Nationale, Garde-Meuble National (remained at Fontainebleau and Compiègne from 1792 to 1797; those at Compiègne used to furnish the palais du Luxembourg and the Tuileries in 1797, then sent to Fontainebleau; twelve used in the emperor's bedchamber at the Tuileries in 1806)


Michel (Paris, France)

- 1970

Anna Thomson Dodge, American, born Scotland, 1871 - 1970 (Rose Terrace, Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan)

1970 - 1971

Estate of Anna Thomson Dodge, American, born Scotland, 1871 - 1970 [sold, The Highly Important Collection of French Furniture and Works of Art, Christie's, London, June 24, 1971, lot 69, through French and Company to the J. Paul Getty Museum.]
Source: French and Company invoice, June 28, 1971, in the files of the Sculpture and Decorative Arts department, J. Paul Getty Museum.

The J. Paul Getty Collection of French Decorative Arts (October 3, 1972 to August 31, 1973)
  • The Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit), October 3, 1972 to August 31, 1973

Coleridge, Anthony. “Works of Art with a Royal Provenance from the Collection of the Late Mrs. Anna Thomson Dodge of Detroit.” The Connoisseur 177, no. 711 (May 1971), pp. 34-35.

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), p. 165, ill.

Wilson, Gillian. "The J. Paul Getty Museum, 7ème partie: Le Mobilier Louis XVI." Connaissance des arts 280 (June 1975), p. 92, ill.

Wilson, Gillian. Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1977), p. 97, no. 126, ill.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 47, no. 103, ill.

Kjellberg, Pierre. Le Mobilier français du XVIIIe siècle: Dictionnaire des ébénistes et des menuisiers (Paris: Éditions de l'Amateur, 1989), p. 818.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 69, no.101, ill.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 52, no. 99, ill.

Sotheby's, London. Treasures: Aristocratic Heirlooms. July 6, 2010, p. 162, ill.

Chrisman-Campbell, Kimberly, Fashion Victims: Dress at the Court of Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2015), p. 109, fig. 68.

Christie's, Paris. Collection Juan de Beistegui. (September 10, 2018),  (accessed September 10, 2018), lot 56.