The J. Paul Getty Museum

Four Side Chairs (chaises à la reine)

Object Details

Title:

Four Side Chairs (chaises à la reine)

Artists/Makers:

Jacques Gondoin (French, 1737 - 1818)

François-Toussaint Foliot (French, 1748 - about 1839, master 1773)

probably carved by Toussaint Foliot (French, about 1715 - 1798, master 1732)

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France (Place Created)

Date:

1780–1781

Medium:

Gessoed and gilded beech; modern silk upholstery

Object Number:

71.DA.93

Dimensions:

88.9 × 53.3 × 50.8 cm (35 × 21 × 20 in.)

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Object Description

In France in the 1700s, chairs came in a variety of shapes and sizes as furniture became increasingly specialized. These comfortably padded chairs, with tall flat backs and low seats are called chaises à la reine,/i>, which translates to “chair in the queen’s manner.” For these particular chairs, a queen actually owned them – Marie-Antoinette. They formed part of a set of eight armchairs and eight side chairs made for her. They furnished a sitting room in the Belvedere Pavilion located in the gardens of the palace of Versailles. The carving displays many of the design elements of the Neoclassical style: bands of ivy, laurel wreaths, and decorative ridges known as fluting.

Provenance
Provenance
1781 - before 1784

French Crown, Garde-Meuble de la Couronne (salon du rocher, the Belvédère, the Petit Trianon, Versailles, France), ordered from the menuisier François-Toussaint Foliot on November 29, 1780 for use by Marie-Antoinette. Delivered in July of 1781 and transferred to the queen's personal garde-meuble by 1784.
Source: Archives Nationales, Paris, O/1/3533, dossier 6 (order); Archives Nationales, Paris, O/1/3320, folio 84 verso (delivery); correspondence from Christian Baulez, August 25, 1987.

by 1784 - 1792

French Crown, Garde-Meuble de la Reine (salon du rocher, the Belvédère, the Petit Trianon, Versailles, France), nationalized by the revolutionary government in 1792.
Source: One of the chairs has the stamp of the Garde-Meuble de la Reine on the underside of the seat rail.

1792 - 1793

French government, Convention Nationale, Garde-Meuble National, sold for 2,300 livres to Citizen Sellier, September 4th, 1793.
Source: Archives départementales des Yvelines, II Q 70; Baulez, Christian. "Deux Sièges de Foliot et de Sené pour Versailles." La Revue du Louvre et des Musées de France, vol. 41 (March 1991), pp. 76-81.

1793 - 1795

Possibly Gabriel-Toussaint Sellier, French, died 1795 (Paris, France), possibly seized by the French government after his execution, May 1795.

- 1881

Léopold Double, French, 1812 - 1881 (Paris, France) [sold, Objets d'art, tableaux anciens, livres composant la collection Double, Charles Pillet, Paris, May 30-June 1, 1881, lot 427, for 5200 francs to Lecomte]
Source: One of the chairs bears a label that says "Ex museo L. Double."

1881 -

J. Lecomte, French, (Paris, France)

-

Comte Henri Greffulhe, French, 1848 - 1932 (Paris, France)
Source: his collection label is pasted underneath two of the chairs.

- by 1939

Charles Michel, French, (12 Avenue de Tourville, Paris, France), sold to Anna Thomson Dodge, between 1933 and 1939.
Source: the chairs are numbers 347-350 in Anna Dodge's inventory in her archive at the Detroit Institute of Arts; Anna Dodge's inventory in the Duveen Brothers stock documentation at the Getty Research Institute, Box 367, Folder 1.

by 1939 - 1970

Anna Thomson Dodge, American, born Scotland, 1871 - 1970 (Rose Terrace, Grosse Pointe Farms, Michigan), upon her death, held in trust by her estate, 1970.

1970 - 1971

Estate of Anna Thomson Dodge, American, born Scotland, 1871 - 1970 [sold, The Highly Important Collection of French Furniture and Works of Art, Christie's, London, June 24, 1971, lot 66, through French and Company to the J. Paul Getty Museum.]
Source: French and Company invoice, June 28, 1971, in the files of the Sculpture and Decorative Arts department, J. Paul Getty Museum.

Bibliography
Bibliography

Charles Pillet. Catalogue des objets d'art, tableaux anciens, livres composant la collection Double. May 30-June 1, 1881, p. 133, lot 427.

Christie's London. The Highly Important Collection of French Furniture and Works of Art, The Property of the late Mrs. Anna Thomson Dodge. June 24, 1971, p. 54, lot 66, ill. (only 1), ill. facing p. 115 (.2 only).

Coleridge, Anthony. “Works of art with a royal provenance from the collection of the late Mrs. Anna Thomson Dodge of Detroit.” The Connoisseur 177, no. 711 (May 1971), p. 34, fig. 1 (only 1 ill.).

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), p. 165, ill. (misattributed to Georges Jacob).

Wilson, Gillian. "The J. Paul Getty Museum, 7ème partie: Le Mobilier Louis XVI." Connaissance des arts 280 (June 1975), p. 94, ill. (only 1).

Frel, Jiri, Burton B. Fredericksen, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 3rd ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), p. 83, ill.

Frel, Jiri, Burton Fredericksen, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1976), p. 89, ill. (only 2).

Wilson, Gillian. Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1977), pp. 81, 86, no. 108 (only 2 ill.).

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. Guidebook: The J. Paul Getty Museum. 4th ed. Sandra Morgan, ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1978), pp. 115, 117, ill. (only 2) (misattributed to Georges Jacob).

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 5th ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1980), pp. 110, 116, ill. (only 2).

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 47, no. 102 (misattributed to Georges Jacob).

Kjellberg, Pierre. Le Mobilier français du XVIIIe siècle: Dictionnaire des ébénistes et des menuisiers (Paris: Éditions de l'Amateur, 1989), p. 426 (misattributed to Georges Jacob).

Pasquier, Alain, et al. "Un magnifique enrichissement des collections nationales: Musée national du château de Versailles." La Revue du Louvre et des Musées de France 40, no. 5 (December 1990), p. 350.

Baulez, Christian. "Deux Sièges de Foliot et de Sené pour Versailles." La Revue du Louvre et des Musées de France 41 (March 1991), pp. 78-79, fig. 5 (only 1).

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), pp. 68-69, no. 100.

Dell, Theodore. "Anna Thomson Dodge and the Building of Rose Terrace." In The Dodge Collection of Eighteenth-Century French and English Art in The Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit: The Detroit Institute of Arts with Hudson Hills Press, 1996), pp. 29, 33n44, ill. (only 2).

Constans, Claire, and Xavier Salmon, eds. Splendors of Versailles, exh. cat. (Jackson: Mississippi Arts Pavilion, 1998), p. 193, no. 99 (.2 only), entry by Xavier Salmon.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 51, no. 98.

Meyer, Daniel. Le Mobilier de Versailles XVIIe et XVIIIe siècle, vol. 1 (Dijon: Éditions Faton, 2002), p. 231, under no. 58.

Eighteenth Century: Birth of Design: Furniture Masterpieces 1650-1790, exh. cat. (Dijon: Éditions Faton, 2014), pp. 224, 225n4.

Christie's London. Taste of the Royal Court: Important French Furniture from a Private Collection. July 9, 2015, pp. 142-43, under lot 18, ill.