Four Side Chairs (chaises à la reine)

Object Details

Title:

Four Side Chairs (chaises à la reine)

Artist/Maker:

Jacques Gondoin (French, 1737 - 1818)
François-Toussaint Foliot (French, 1748 - about 1839, master 1773)
probably carved by Toussaint Foliot (French, about 1715 - 1798, master 1732)

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France (Place created)

Date:

1780–1781

Medium:

Gessoed and gilded beech; modern silk upholstery

Object Number:

71.DA.93

Dimensions:

88.9 × 53.3 × 50.8 cm (35 × 21 × 20 in.)

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These chairs were part of a suite of eight side chairs and eight armchairs made for the French queen Marie-Antoinette (reigned 1774-1792). Designed in the Neoclassical style with carved bands of ivy, laurel wreaths, and fluting, they stood in the salon du rocher of the Belvedere Pavilion located in the gardens of the palace of Versailles.

Provenance
1781 - before 1784

French Crown, Garde-Meuble de la Couronne, ordered from the menuisier François-Toussaint Foliot on November 29, 1780 for use by Marie-Antoinette. Delivered in July of 1781 and subsequently transferred to the queen's personal garde-meuble by 1784.

by 1784 - 1792

French Crown, Garde-Meuble de la Reine, nationalized by the revolutionary government in 1792.

1792 - 1793

French government, Convention Nationale, Garde-Meuble National, sold for 2,300 livres to Citizen Sellier in September of 1793.

1793 -

Sellier

- 1881

Léopold Double [sold, Paris, May 30-June 1, 1881, no. 427]

-

Comte Henri Greffulhe, French, 1848 - 1932

-

Duveen Brothers, Inc.
Source: Inventory of Antique Furniture and Objets d'Art Purchased Abroad by Mrs. Hugh Dillman [...], Collectors' Files, Dillman, Anna Dodge. Duveen Brothers stock documentation, GRI, 2007.D.1, b. 367, f. 1, under no. 347-350.

- 1970

Anna Thomson Dodge, American, born Scotland, 1871 - 1970

1970 - 1971

Estate of Anna Thomson Dodge, American, born Scotland, 1871 - 1970 [sold, The Highly Important Collection of French Furniture and Works of Art, Christie's, London, June 24, 1971, lot 66, through French and Company to the J. Paul Getty Museum.]
Source: French and Company invoice, June 28, 1971. J. Paul Getty Early Administrative Records, 1939, 1949-1986, undated. Getty Research Institute, IA10003, box 1986.IA.55-6, folder 7, April 1971 - January 1971.

Exhibitions
Splendors of Versailles (April 1 to August 31, 1998) (71.DA.93.2 only)
  • Mississippi Arts Pavilion (Jackson), April 1 to August 31, 1998
Bibliography

Coleridge, Anthony. “Works of Art with a Royal Provenance from the Collection of the Late Mrs. Anna Thomson Dodge of Detroit.” The Connoisseur 177, no. 711 (May 1971), p. 34, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), p. 165, ill.

Wilson, Gillian. "The J. Paul Getty Museum, 7ème partie: Le Mobilier Louis XVI." Connaissance des arts 280 (June 1975), p. 94, ill.

Wilson, Gillian. Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1977), p. 81, no. 108.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 47, no. 102.

Kjellberg, Pierre. Le Mobilier français du XVIIIe siècle: Dictionnaire des ébénistes et des menuisiers (Paris: Éditions de l'Amateur, 1989), p. 426.

Babelon, Jean-Pierre. "Un magnifique enrichissement des collections nationales: Musée national du château de Versailles." La Revue du Louvre et des Musées de France 5 (1990), p. 350.

Baulez, Christian. "Deux Sièges de Foliot et de Sené pour Versailles." La Revue du Louvre et des Musées de France, vol. 41 (March 1991), pp. 78-79.

Scott, Barbara. "The Rothschild Room in the Louvre." Apollo 134, no. 356 (October 1991), pp. 270-271.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), pp. 68-69, no. 100.

Constans, Claire, and Xavier Salmon, eds. Splendors of Versailles, exh. cat. (Jackson: Mississippi Arts Pavilion, with The Mississippi Commission for International Cultural Exchange, 1998), p. 193, no. 99, ill.

Richard, Pascale. Versailles, the American Story (Paris: Alain de Gourcuff, 1999), p. 72, ill.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 51, no. 98.

Sotheby's, Paris. Important mobilier, objets d'art et porcelaines de chine. June 27, 2001, p. 164.

Meyer, Daniel. Le Mobilier de Versailles XVIIe et XVIIIe siècle, vol. 1 (Dijon: Éditions Faton, 2002), p. 231.

Eighteenth Century: Birth of Design: Furniture Masterpieces 1650-1790, exh. cat. (Dijon: Éditions Faton, 2014), p. 224.

Christie's, London. Taste of the Royal Court: Important French Furniture from a Private Collection. July 9, 2015, pp. 142-143, ill.