Double Desk

Object Details

Title:

Double Desk

Artist/Maker:

Bernard II van Risenburgh (French, after 1696 - about 1766, master before 1730)

Culture:

French (Paris)

Place:

Paris, France (Place created)

Date:

about 1750

Medium:

Oak veneered with tulipwood, kingwood and bloodwood; drawers of mahogany; gilt-bronze mounts

Object Number:

70.DA.87

Dimensions:

107.8 × 158.7 × 84.7 cm (42 7/16 × 62 1/2 × 33 3/8 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of J. Paul Getty

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The double form of this unusually large desk is unique. When lowered, both sides form writing surfaces and reveal drawers and pigeonholes veneered with marquetry. The finely cast and chased gilt-bronze mounts delineate the edges of the drawers, front, and legs. On the fall fronts of the desk, bunches of marquetry flowers seem to sprout from the sculptural mounts.

The desk was probably made for the fermier général (a type of tax collector) François-Balthazar Dangé; a similar desk is described in an inventory taken at his death in 1777. The desk is also found in the 1795 inventory of his son Louis, who was guillotined during the French Revolution.

Provenance
- 1777

Possibly François Balthazar Dangé du Fay, French, 1696 - 1777, sold to his nephew and heir, Louis Balthazar Dangé de Bagneux, 1777.
Source: Recorded in the inventory after the death of his wife Anne (née Jarry), dated March 27, 1772 (Arch. Nat. MC/ET/LXXXVII/1138), and also in the inventory after his own death, dated March 6, 1777 (A.N. M.C. ET/LXXXVII/1165, inventory item no. 125).

1777 - 1794

Louis Balthazar Dangé de Bagneux, French, 1738 - 1794, by inheritance to his wife, Anne-Marie Sanson, 1794.
Source: Listed in the inventory taken at his death, dated 19 frimaire an IV (December 10, 1795) (A.N. M.C. ET/LXXXVII/1276, inventory item no. 108).

1794 - 1796

Anne Marie Sanson, French, died 1796, by inheritence to her daughter, Marie Emilie Françoise Dangé de Bagneaux Creuzé, 1796.
Source: Recorded in the inventory after her death, dated 6 ventôse an IV (February 25, 1796) (A.N. M.C. ET/LXXXVII/1277, verso of page with inventory items adding to 14191 livres).

1796 -

Marie Emilie Françoise Dangé de Bagneaux Creuzé, French
Source: Recorded as the only heir in the inventory after the death of her mother, Anne Marie Sanson, dated 6 ventôse an IV (February 25, 1796) (A.N. M.C. ET/LXXXVII/1277, p. 1)

possibly early 19th century- 1847

John Douglas Edward Henry Campbell, seventh duke of Argyll, Scottish, 1777 - 1847, by inheritance to his son, George John Douglas Campbell, 1847.

1847 - 1900

George John Douglas Campbell, eighth duke of Argyll, Scottish, 1823 - 1900, by inheritance to his son, John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 1900.

1900 - 1914

John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland Campbell, ninth duke of Argyll, Scottish, 1845 - 1914, by inheritance to his nephew, Niall Diamid Campbell, 1914.

1914 - 1949

Niall Daimid Campbell, tenth duke of Argyll, Scottish, 1872 - 1949, by inheritance to his first cousin once removed, Ian Douglas Campbell, 1949.

1949 - 1951

Ian Douglas Campbell, eleventh duke of Argyll, Scottish, 1903 - 1973, sold to Sir Robert Henry Edward Abdy, 1951.

1951 -

Sir Robert Henry Edward Abdy, fifth Bart., English, 1896 - 1976, sold to Rosenberg & Stiebel, Inc.

- 1953

Rosenberg & Stiebel, Inc., sold to J. Paul Getty, 1953.

1953 - 1970

J. Paul Getty, American, 1892 - 1976, donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1970.

Exhibitions
Louis XV: un moment de perfection de l’art français (December 1, 1974 to April 30, 1975)
  • Hôtel de la Monnaie (Paris), December 1, 1974 to April 30, 1975
Bibliography

Wescher, Paul. "French Furniture of the Eighteenth Century in the J. Paul Getty Museum," Art Quarterly 18, no. 2 (Summer 1955), pp. 121, 127, fig. 10.

Getty, J. Paul, and Ethel Le Vane. Collector's Choice: The Chronicle of an Artistic Odyssey through Europe (London: W. H. Allen, 1955), pp. 261-263.

Getty, J. Paul. "Vingt Mille Lieues dans les musées." Connaissance des Arts 57 (November 1956), p. 78, ill.

Boutemy, André. “Les Vraies forms du ‘bureau dos d’âne.’” Connaissance des Arts 77 (July 1958), p. 43, ill.

Cooper, Douglas ed. Great Private Collections (New York: Macmillan Company, 1963), p. 188, ill.

Getty, J. Paul. Chefs-d'oeuvre de la collection J. Paul Getty (Monaco: Jaspard, Polus & Cie, 1963), pp. 116-117.

Meuvret, Jean, and Claude Frégnac. Les Ébénistes du XVIIIe siècle français (Paris: Hachette, 1963), p. 78, fig. 3.

Meuvret, Jean, and Claude Frégnac. French Cabinetmakers of the Eighteenth Century (Paris: Hachette, 1965), p. 78, fig. 3.

Getty, J. Paul. The Joys of Collecting (New York: Hawthorn Books, Inc., 1965), pp. 145-147, 151, ill.

Alcouffe, Daniel. Louis XV: Un moment de perfection de l'art français, exh. cat. (Paris: Hôtel de la Monnaie, 1974), pp. 327-328, no. 430.

Wilson, Gillian. "The J. Paul Getty Museum: 6ème partie: Les Meubles Baroques." Connaissance des Arts 279 (May 1975), p. 112.

Frégnac, Claude. Les Styles français de Louis XIII à Napoléon III (Paris: Hachette Réalités, 1975), pp. 106-107, fig. 4.

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), p. 157, ill.

Verlet, Pierre. Les Meubles français du XVIIIe siècle. 3rd ed. (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1982), n.p., fig. 3.

Wilson, Gillian. Selections from the Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983), pp. 44-45, no. 22.

French Connections: Scotland & the Arts of France (Edinburgh: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, Royal Scottish Museum, 1985), p. 66, fig. 30.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 160.

Jackson-Stops, Gervase. "Boulle by the Beach: Decorative Arts at the J. Paul Getty Museum." Country Life 179, no. 4624 (April 3, 1986), p. 854, ill.

Cabanne, Pierre. L’Art du XVIIIe siècle (Paris: Somogy, 1987), pp. 96-97, ill.

Kjellberg, Pierre. Le Mobilier français du XVIIIe siècle: Dictionnaire des ébénistes et des menuisiers (Paris: Éditions de l'Amateur, 1989), pp. 130, 135, 139, ill.

Alcouffe, Daniel. Nouvelles acquisitions du département des objets d'art, 1985-1989 (Paris: Éditions de la Réunion des musées nationaux, 1990), p. 142, under no. 68..

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), p. 176.

Verlet, Pierre. French Furniture of the Eighteenth Century (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1991), n.p., fig. 3.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 36, no. 41.

Ramond, Pierre. Chefs-d'oeuvre des marqueteurs. Vol. 2, De la Régence à nos jours (Dourdan: Éditions H. Vial, 1996), pp. 124-126, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 210.

Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Decorative Arts (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 94, no. 72.

Ramond, Pierre. Masterpieces of Marquetry. Vol. 2, From the Régence to the Present Day (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2000), pp. 124-126, ill.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 24, no. 41.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 210, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), p. 239, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 8th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2015), p. 281, ill.

Education Resources

Education Resource

Subjects

Grades

Format

The Ultimate Desk

Lesson in which students learn about the Baroque period, work in groups to create a Baroque desk, and reflection on the process in journals

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts; Music

3-5

Long-Term Unit