The J. Paul Getty Museum

Table

Object Details

Title:

Table

Artists/Makers:

Martin Carlin (French, born Germany, about 1730 - 1785, master 1766)

Circular plaque painted by Jacques-François Micaud (French, 1732/1735 - 1811)

Sèvres Manufactory (French, founded 1756)

Culture:

French

Place:

Sèvres, France; Paris, France (Place Created)

Date:

table about 1773; porcelain 1773

Medium:

Oak veneered with tulipwood, ebony, and holly; set with soft-paste porcelain plaques; gilt bronze mounts

Object Number:

70.DA.75

Dimensions:

73.3 × 40 cm (28 7/8 × 15 3/4 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of J. Paul Getty

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Object Description

In the early 1760s, directed by the marchands-merciers, artisans began to make small round worktables; these items became popular, as they could easily be moved around a room for multiple uses. The porcelain top, which could withstand heated vessels without damage, was ideal for serving tea or coffee. Some tables were even sold with porcelain tea services that matched the decoration of the top.

The marchands-merciers or dealers were the first to use Sèvres porcelain plaques in furniture. Creating a worktable such as this one was a complicated process involving many stages. First the dealer commissioned a design and ordered plaques from the Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory. He then selected an ébéniste to make and veneer the carcass of the table, leaving space for the plaques; a variety of craftsmen also had to design and make gilt bronze mounts. Another specialized worker lined the drawers with silk. Finally the ébénisteassembled the table and returned it to the dealer to be sold.

Provenance
Provenance
after 1884 - 1918

Alfred (Charles) de Rothschild, 1842 - 1918 (Halton, Buckinghamshire, England), by descent to his daughter, Almina Wombwell.

1918 - 1920

Almina Wombwell, countess Carnarvon, English, 1876 - 1969, sold to Henry Symons and Co., 1920.

1920

Henry Symons and Co. (London, England)

1920

French and Company, Inc. (New York City, New York)

1920 - 1931

Mortimer Leo Schiff, American, 1877 - 1931 (New York City, New York), 1920, by inheritance to his son, John M. Schiff, 1931.

1931 - 1938

John Mortimer Schiff, American, 1904 - 1987 (932 Fifth Avenue, New York City, NY) [sold, Fine Decorative Furniture, Important Objects of Art, Tapestry, Sculpture, and Rugs, Being a Part of the Collection Formed by the Late Mortimer L. Schiff, Esq., Christie's, London, June 22, 1938, lot 51, to J. Paul Getty.]

1938 - 1970

J. Paul Getty, American, 1892 - 1976, donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1970.

Bibliography
Bibliography

Getty, J. Paul. Europe in the Eighteenth Century (Priv. Print: 1949), ill. facing p. 56.

Valentiner, William R., and Paul Wescher. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1954), p. 18, no. 16.

Getty, J. Paul, and Ethel Le Vane. Collector's Choice: The Chronicle of an Artistic Odyssey through Europe (London: W. H. Allen, 1955), p. 82 and ill. facing p. 176.

Wescher, Paul. "French Furniture of the Eighteenth Century in the J. Paul Getty Museum." The Art Quarterly 18, no. 2 (Summer 1955), p. 131.

Valentiner, William R., and Paul Wescher. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 2nd ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1956), p. 33, no. 16.

Getty, J. Paul. Chefs-d'oeuvre de la collection J. Paul Getty (Monaco: Jaspard, Polus & Cie, 1963), p. 128, ill.

Getty, J. Paul. The Joys of Collecting (New York: Hawthorn Books, Inc., 1965), p. 158, ill.

Jones, Anne Marian. A Handbook of the Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1965), p. 20, no. D-17.

Watson, F. J. B. The Wrightsman Collection. Vol. 1, Furniture (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1966), p. 282.

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), p. 165, ill.

Frel, Jiri, Burton B. Fredericksen, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook, 3rd ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), pp. 83-84, 86, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. Guidebook: The J. Paul Getty Museum. 4th ed. Sandra Morgan, ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1978), pp. 115-16, ill.

Guillemé-Brulon, Dorothée. "Un décor pour les meubles." L'Estampille 165 (January 1984), pp. 18-30, ill.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 32, no. 69.

Kjellberg, Pierre. Le Mobilier français du XVIIIe siècle: Dictionnaire des ébénistes et des menuisiers (Paris: Éditions de l'Amateur, 1989), pp. 158, 162.

Pradère, Alexandre. Les ébénistes français de Louis XIV à la Révolution (Paris: Chêne, 1989), p. 359, no. 69.

Wilson, Gillian. "Dalla Raccolta del Museo J. Paul Getty, III Puntata." Casa Vogue Antiques 10 (November 1990), p. 90.

Sassoon, Adrian. Vincennes and Sèvres Porcelain: Catalogue of the Collections (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), pp. 170-73, no. 34.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), pp. 56-57, no. 75.

Sargentson, Carolyn. Merchants and Luxury Markets: The Marchands Merciers of Eighteenth-Century Paris (Malibu: Victoria and Albert Museum, in association with the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1996), p. 182, ill. p. 50.

Ramond, Pierre. Chefs-d'oeuvre des marqueteurs. Vol. 2, De la Régence à nos jours (Dourdan: Éditions H. Vial, 1996), p. 40, no. 71.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 40, no. 71.

Leben, Ulrich. Object Design in the Age of Enlightenment: The History of the Royal Free Drawing School in Paris (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2004), pp. 31, 101, ill.