The J. Paul Getty Museum

Pair of Armchairs

Object Details

Title:

Pair of Armchairs

Artist/Maker:

Nicolas-Quinibert Foliot (French, 1706 - 1776)

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France (Place Created)

Date:

1762

Medium:

Beech; modern silk upholstery

Object Number:

70.DA.70

Dimensions:

93.3 × 67.7 × 55.5 cm (36 3/4 × 26 5/8 × 21 7/8 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of J. Paul Getty

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Object Description

Three times during his reign, Louis XV commissioned large suites of carved furniture for general use in the royal palaces. This pair of armchairs belonged to his final order. They were described in a royal inventory, which noted that the carver Foliot delivered fourteen armchairs, twenty-eight side chairs, nine beds, and seven firescreens to the palace of Versailles between May and September of 1762. When delivered, the chair frames were of polished wood, and gilded nails held the crimson damask upholstery in place.

By 1790 the chairs had been transferred to the palace of Fontainebleau, where they were stenciled underneath with a mark for this royal residence. Inventories show that the chairs had been painted white and reupholstered with crimson velvet by the end of the 1700s. When J. Paul Getty purchased the pair in the 1930s, they had been covered in tapestry and gilded. Using the 1762 inventory as a guideline, Getty Museum conservators returned the chairs to their original appearance.

Provenance
Provenance
1762 - probably 1790s

French Crown, Garde-Meuble de la Couronne (part of a delivery made to the château de Versailles, France, in 1762 or 1763; inventoried in the apartment of Charles-Claude de Taillepied, seigneur de la Garenne, at the palais de Fontainebleau, France, in November 1, 1786 and again in 1787), probably nationalized during the French Revolution and sold at auction in the 1790s.

- 1937

Annette Lefortier (Paris, France) [sold, Important Brussels Renaissance Lille, Aubusson, and Beauvais Tapestries, Anderson Galleries, American Art Association, New York, November 20, 1937, lot 151, to J. Paul Getty.]
Source: American Art Association invoice, November 20, 1937, in the files of the Sculpture and Decorative Arts Department, J. Paul Getty Museum.

1937 - 1970

J. Paul Getty, American, 1892 - 1976, donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1970.

Bibliography
Bibliography

Valentiner, William R., and Paul Wescher. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1954), n. p., ill.

Jones, Anne Marian. A Handbook of the Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1965), p. 18, no. C-9.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 45, no. 99.

Pallot, Bill G. B. L'Art du siège au XVIIIe siècle en France (Paris: ACR-Gismondi Éditeurs, 1987), pp. 284, ill., and 308-309.

Pallot, Bill G. B. The Art of the Chair in Eighteenth-Century France (Paris: ACR-Gismondi Éditeurs, 1989), pp. 284, ill., and 308-309.

Kjellberg, Pierre. Le Mobilier français du XVIIIe siècle: Dictionnaire des ébénistes et des menuisiers (Paris: Éditions de l'Amateur, 1989), p. 317.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 66, no. 96.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 49, no. 94.

Wilson, Gillian. "Versailles au J. Paul Getty Museum." Versalia, Revue de la Société des Amis de Versailles 5 (2002), pp. 96-97, figs. 1-3.