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One Settee and Ten Armchairs (two bergères, and eight fauteuils)
Paris, France (Place Created)
Mahogany and beech; gilt-bronze mounts; wool and silk
Gift of J. Paul Getty
This suite of matching furniture, a set of ten armchairs and a settee, is all upholstered with tapestry covers each portraying a different bird. Artisans made the frames from solid mahogany, a fashionable but expensive hardwood that had to be imported into France. Beginning in 1806, during the Napoleonic wars, a Continental blockade prevented France from buying mahogany from the English colonies. Although this impediment further increased the price of the wood, it remained extremely popular among the upper classes.
Furniture built in the first decades of the 1800s was heavier and more majestic than earlier styles. In this suite, gilt bronze
by 1908 -
Private Collection (Paris, France)
Source: Illustrated in Décorations Intérieures & Meubles des époques Louis XVI et Empire, Revue d'art décoratif 2ème année (Paris, Armand Guérinet) plate VII.
Jacques Seligmann, French, 1858 - 1923 (Paris, France), [sold to Grand Duke Nicolai Michailoff].
Source: Seligmann stock images 3075 annotated "4.12.12. au Grand Duc Nicolas Mikhailovitch." Photographs preserved in the Getty Research Institute.
1912 - 1917
Grand Duke Nicolai Michailoff, Russian, 1859 - 1919 (Palais Michailoff, St. Petersburg, Russia), purchased December 4, 1912. Nationalized during the Russian Revolution.
after 1917 - 1928
Soviet government, Russian [sold, Kunstwerke aus den bestanden Leningrader Museen und Schlosser Eremitage, Palais Michailoff, Gatschina U.A., Rudolph Lepke's Kunst-Auctions-Haus, Berlin, 1928, lot 73, with a fire screen.]
Source: Sale catalogue preserved in the Getty Research Institute hand annotated with the inscription "Palais Nic. Michailoff."
Ives, count of Cambacérès (Paris, France)
Source: Sale catalogue preserved in the Getty Research Institute states "Collection du Comte de Cambacérès."
Edouard-Napoléon-Cesar-Edmond Mortier, fifth duke of Trévise, 1883 - 1946 (Paris, France) [sold, Galerie Charpentier, Paris, May 19, 1938, no. 47, to J. Paul Getty.]
1938 - 1967
J. Paul Getty, American, 1892 - 1976, donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1967.
L'Art de Vivre: Decorative Arts and Design in France 1789 - 1989 (March 29 to July 30, 1989) (armchair 67.DA.6.10 only)
- Cooper-Hewitt Museum of Design (New York), March 29 to July 30, 1989
Décorations Intérieures & Meubles des époques Louis XV, Louis XVI et Empire, Revue d'art décoratif 2eme année 1908-1909 (Paris, Armand Guérinet, [1910?]), plate VII, fig. 19 (armchairs 67.DA.6.4, 67.DA.6. 7, 67.DA.6.8 only).
Valentiner, William R., and Paul Wescher. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1954).
Getty, J. Paul, and Ethel Le Vane. Collector's Choice: The Chronicle of an Artistic Odyssey through Europe (London: W. H. Allen, 1955), p. 68 and ill. facing p. 176.
Valentiner, William R., and Paul Wescher. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 2nd ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1956), p. 34, nos. 22-33.
Jones, Anne Marian. A Handbook of the Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1965), pp. 11, 18, no. C-23.
Frel, Jiri, Burton B. Fredericksen, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook, 3rd ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), p. 88.
Wilson, Gillian. Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1977), no. 132, p. 101, ill (armchair 67.DA.6.6 and settee 67.DA.6.11 only).
Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. Guidebook: The J. Paul Getty Museum. 4th ed. Sandra Morgan, ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1978), p. 125.
Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), no. 105, p. 48, ill (armchair 67.DA.6.6 and settee 67.DA.6.11 only).
Arminjon, Catherine et al. L'Art de vivre: Decorative Arts and Design in France 1789-1989 exh. cat. (New York: Vendome Press in association with the Cooper-Hewitt Museum The Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Design, 1989), p. 19, fig. 10 (armchair 67.DA.6.10).
Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 71, no. 104, ill. (armchair 67.DA.6.6 and settee 67.DA.6.11 only).
Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), no. 102, p. 53, ill (armchair 67.DA.6.6 and settee 67.DA.6.11 only).
Ebeling, Jörg and Ulrich Leben, Empire Style: The Hôtel de Beauharnais in Paris, The German Ambassador's Residence in Paris (Paris: Flammarion, 2016), p. 330, note 64.