Tapestry: Bacchus et Arianne, Bacchus changé en raisin

Object Details

Title:

Tapestry: Bacchus et Arianne, Bacchus changé en raisin

Artist/Maker:

Woven after cartoons by François Boucher (French, 1703 - 1770)
under the direction of Jean-Baptiste Oudry (French, 1686 - 1755)
and Nicolas Besnier (French, 1714 - 1754)
or André Charlemagne Charron (French, active 1754 - 1780)
Beauvais Manufactory (French, founded 1664)

Culture:

French

Place:

Beauvais, France (Place created)

Date:

1748 - 1770

Medium:

Wool and silk; linen interface and cotton lining

Dimensions:

360.7 × 764 cm (142 × 300 13/16 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of J. Paul Getty

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This double-subject tapestry, woven to represent a painting with a gilt wood frame decorated with shell motifs, combines two subjects that were also woven individually. Each story comes from classical myths about the loves of the gods recorded in Ovid's Metamorphoses and other ancient sources. On the left, Bacchus consoles Ariadne after her abandonment by Theseus, whose ship sails away in the distance. On the right, Bacchus transforms himself into a bunch of grapes in order to seduce Erigone. Unwittingly, she accepts a basket of fruit containing the grapes from a servant.

"The Loves of the Gods" was the fourth of nine tapestry series designed by the painter François Boucher for the Beauvais manufactory. His drawings, known as cartoons, guided the weavers on the looms. Working simultaneously on such tapestries, a number of weavers would take a year to complete three square yards (two and a half square meters) a year. A tapestry of this size would take over three years to complete.

Provenance
-

Possibly one of a set commissioned by the French Crown, Garde-Meuble de la Couronne, and delivered to the Département des Affaires Etrangères.

-

Possibly in the collection of the Royal Family of Portugal

before 1921

Jules Porgès, 1839 - 1921 (Portugal; later Paris, France)

by 1925 -

Clinton Ledyard Blair, American, 1867 - 1949 (New Jersey)

1937

French and Company, Inc. (New York City, New York), sold to J. Paul Getty, 1937.

1937 - 1963

J. Paul Getty, American, 1892 - 1976, donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1963.

Exhibitions
French and English Art Treasures (December 20 to December 30, 1942)
  • Parke-Bernet Galleries (New York), December 20 to December 30, 1942
Bibliography

Vaucaire, M. "Les Tapisseries de Beauvais." Les Arts (August 1902), p. 16.

Badin, Jules. La manufacture de tapisseries de Beauvais depuis ses origines jusqu'à nos jours (Paris: Société de propagation des livres d'art, 1909), pp. 61-62.

Hunter, George L. "Beauvais-Boucher's Tapestries." Arts and Decoration 10, no. 5 (March 1919), p. 246.

Hunter, George Leland. The Practical Book of Tapestries (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1925), p. 173.

Hunter, George L. "America's Beauvais-Boucher Tapestries." International Studio LXXXIV, no. 354 (November 1926), pp. 26-28.

Göbel, Heinrich. Die Wandteppiche. Vol. 2, Die Wandteppiche und ihre manufakturen in Frankreich Italien, Spanien und Portugal (Leipzig: Klinkhardt & Biermann, 1928), part 1, p. 227.

Getty, J. Paul. Europe in the Eighteenth Century (Priv. Print: 1949), ill. opposite p. 66.

Getty, J. Paul, and Ethel Le Vane. Collector's Choice: The Chronicle of an Artistic Odyssey through Europe (London: W. H. Allen, 1955), pp. 65-67, 151, ill. p. 208.

Wescher, Paul. "French Furniture of the Eighteenth Century in the J. Paul Getty Museum." Art Quarterly 18, no. 2 (Summer 1955), p. 132, note 1.

Getty, J. Paul. "Vingt Mille Lieues dans les musées." Connaissance des Arts 57 (November 1956), pp. 76-81.

Zahle, Erik . "François Boucher's dobbelte billedavaening." Det Danske Kunstindustrimuseum: Virksomhed III (1959-1964), p. 68.

Getty, J. Paul. The Joys of Collecting (New York: Hawthorn Books, Inc., 1965), pp. 145, 146, 147, ill.

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Jarry, Madeleine. "A Wealth of Boucher Tapestries in American Museums." Antiques (August 1972), pp. 222-31, fig. 2.

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), pp. 170-71.

Wilson, Gillian. "The J. Paul Getty Museum: 6ème partie: Les Meubles Baroques.'" Connaissance des Arts 279 (May 1975), p. 107.

Standen, Edith A. European Post-Medieval Tapestries and Related Hangings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2 vols. (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1985), vol. 2, pp. 534-43.

Standen, Edith. "The Amours des Dieux: A Series of Beauvais Tapestries After Boucher." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Journal 19/20 (1986), pp. 63-84.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collection of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 102, no. 216.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), pp. 171-72, no. 291.

Adelson, C. J. European Tapestry in the Minneapolis Institute of Arts (Minneapolis, 1994), pp. 343-54, no. 20.

Forti-Grazzini, Nello. Il patrimonio artistico del Quirinale: Gli Arazzi (Rome: Editoriale Lavora and Gruppo BNL, 1994), vol. 2, nos. 147-77, pp. 215-30.

Bremer-David, Charissa. French Tapestries and Textiles in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), pp. 120-27, no. 12.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), pp. 154-55, no. 307.

Woldbye, Vibeke. European Tapestries, 15th - 20th Century, Catalogue of the Collection, The Danish Museum of Art & Design (Copenhagen: The Danish Museum of Art & Design, 2006), pp. 78-79.

Gaston, Teddy Getty, with Digby Diehl. Alone Together: My Life with J. Paul Getty (New York: Ecco, 2013), ill. between pp. 384-385.