The Satyr and the Peasant Family

Currently on view at: Getty Center, Museum South Pavilion, Gallery S106

Object Details

Title:

The Satyr and the Peasant Family

Artist/Maker:

Jan Steen (Dutch, 1626 - 1679)

Culture:

Dutch

Place:

The Netherlands (Place created)

Date:

about 1660 - 1662

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

52.1 × 47.6 cm (20 1/2 × 18 3/4 in.)

Credit Line:

Formerly the property of the Philippson family of Brussels, looted by the Nazis, purchased by the Museum in 1969, and owned by the Museum pursuant to an agreement with the Philippson family in 2003

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A peasant family sits around a wooden table in a Dutch kitchen. The room's exposed rafters, assorted domestic objects on shelves, and cobbled floor are all rendered in careful detail. A woman serves a man who blows on his soup to cool it. A young child faces her, holding a spoon in his upraised hand and begging for food. A lively young woman wearing a large straw hat and an old woman fill the space between the eating man and the standing woman. A crude fellow in the background spoons soup into his grinning mouth. Next to the open door, a satyr leans on a staff and points an admonishing finger at the peasant family. The satyr has noticed that the peasant blows both on his hands to warm them and on his soup to cool it. He will turn to leave the house because he cannot trust someone who blows "both hot and cold with the same breath."

The artist Jan Steen painted this subject, known originally from Aesop's Fables,many times. Throughout the 1600s, this moralistic tale was a popular subject for Dutch and Flemish painters.

Provenance
- 1802

Hendrik van Eyl Sluyter, 1739 - 1814 (Amsterdam, The Netherlands) [sold, Sluyter sale, Paillet, Delaroche, Paris, January 25, 1802, lot 163, to Jean-Louis Laneuville.]

1802 -

Jean-Louis Laneuville, 1748 - 1826 (Paris, France)

- 1812

Charles Jacques Chapelain de Séréville, 1747 - 1826 (Paris, France) [sold, Séréville sale, Paillet, Laneuville, Paris, January 22, 1812, lot 47, through Hubert to Joseph Emmerich.]

1812 - 1817

Joseph Emmerich, duc de Dalberg, 1773 - 1833 (Paris, France) [unsold Dalberg sale, Christie's, London, June 13, 1817, lot 58.]

- 1827

Chevalier Féréol de Bonnemaison, 1770 - 1827 (Paris, France) [sold Bonnemaison sale, Lacoste, Paris, April 2-7, 1827, lot 75.]

- 1837

François-Xavier de Robiano, comte de Robiano, 1778 - 1836 (Brussels, Belgium) [sold, Robiano sale, Barbé, Brussels, May 1, 1837, lot 621, to Joseph Woodin.]

1837 -

Joseph Woodin, 1787 - 1870 (London, England)

- 1849

William Williams Hope, 1802 - 1855 (Rushton Hall, Northamptonshire, England) [sold Hope sale, Christie's, London, June 14, 1849, lot 108, probably to Jones.]
Source: Christie's files for 1849 state Jones.

1849 -

Probably Jones

- 1863

George Blamire, 1788 - 1863 (London, England) [sold Blamire sale, Christie's, London, November 7-9, 1863, lot 63, probably to Goldsmith.]

1863 -

Probably William Goldsmith (London, England)
Source: Christie's files for the 1863 sale state Goldsmith.

by 1885 -

Walter Childe Alers Hankey, 1839 - 1921 (Beaulieu, Hastings, Sussex, England), sold to Martin H. Colnaghi (amongst a group of old master paintings) before January 1899.
Source: Exhibited at the Royal Academy 1885, no. 124.

- 1899

Martin H. Colnaghi, 1821 - 1908 (London, England), sold to Charles Sedelmeyer (with at least 16 other Hankey paintings) in January 1899.
Source: Ripps 2010, p. 36.

1899

Charles Sedelmeyer, 1837 - 1925 (Paris, France), sold to Cornelius Wilhelm Heyl in February 1899 for 8,000 marks.
Source: Sedelmeyer 1899, no. 50 (RKD annotation).

1899

Cornelius Wilhelm Heyl, Freiherr von Heyl zu Herrnsheim, 1843 - 1923 (Worms, Germany), returned to Sedelmeyer in February 1899 for 7,500 marks.
Source: Sedelmeyer 1899, no. 50 (RKD annotation).

1899

Charles Sedelmeyer, 1837 - 1925 (Paris, France), sold to Franz M.A. Philippson in April 1899 for 8,000 francs.
Source: Sedelmeyer 1899, no. 50 (RKD annotation).

1899 - 1929

Franz M.A. Philippson, 1851 - 1929 (Brussels, Belgium; Château de Seneffe, Seneffe, Belgium), by inheritance to his son, Moritz Philippson, 1929.

by 1935 - 1938

Moritz Philippson, 1877 - 1938 (Brussels, Belgium; Château de Seneffe, Seneffe, Belgium), probably by inheritance to his son, Paul Philippson, 1938.
Source: 1935 Brussels exhibition, no. 777 (M. Philipson [sic]).

1938 - 1939

Probably Paul Philippson, 1910 - 1978 (Brussels, Belgium; Château de Seneffe, Belgium), looted by the Nazis, probably in 1940.

probably 1940 -

In the possession of the Nazis
Source: Répertoire d'oeuvres d'art dont la Belgique a été spoliée durant la guerre 1939-45 (1948), no. 243, as looted from Philippson collection.

- 1941

Fritz Rothmann (London, England), sold to W.E. Duits, Ltd., October 15, 1941.

1941 - 1942

W.E. Duits, Ltd. (London, England), sold to Enrico Fattorini, January 30, 1942.
Source: Duits Gallery Records, Getty Research Institute, Special Collections, Acc. No. 860290. Painting assigned inv. no. 7434 in 1941/42 (index cards, Box 36). See Boxes 7 (194-ledger, p. 1, right) and 22 (stockbook).

1942 -

John Enrico Fattorini, 1878 - 1949 (Bradford, Wiltshire, England), by gift to his daughter, Agnes Elizabeth (Fattorini) Roach, by 1945.
Source: Liverpool exh. cat. 1944, no. 18.

- 1945

Agnes Elizabeth (Fattorini) Roach, 1908 - 1995, sold to W.E. Duits, Ltd., November 2, 1945.

1945 - 1946

W.E. Duits, Ltd. (London, England), sold to Martin B. Asscher, February 28, 1946.
Source: Duits Gallery Records, Getty Research Institute, Special Collections, Acc. No. 860290, inv. no. 7699 (1945/46), Box 21, Stockbook no. 73, p. 83.

1946 -

Martin B. Asscher (London, England)

by 1947 -

Eugene Slatter Gallery (London, England)
Source: Slatter exh. cat. 1947, no. 22.

- 1948

Sir Bernard Eckstein, second bart., 1894 - 1948 (Oldlands Hall, Sussex, England) [sold, Eckstein sale, Sotheby's, London, December 8, 1948, lot 25, to Spink & Son, Ltd.]

1948 -

Spink & Son, Ltd. (London, England)

- 1969

Julius Böhler Gallery (Munich, Germany), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1969.

Exhibitions
Exhibition of Works by the Old Masters and by Deceased Masters of the British School (January 5 to March 13, 1880) (Cat. 124)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London)
Cinq siècles d'art (May 24 to October 13, 1935) (Cat. 777)
  • Exposition Universelle et Internationale (Brussels), May 24 to October 13, 1935
Exhibition of Works by Dutch Masters of the Seventeenth Century (September 22 to September 29, 1944) (Cat. 18)
  • Liverpool City School of Art (Liverpool), September 22 to September 29, 1944
1947 Exhibition of Dutch and Flemish Masters (May 14 to June 28, 1947) (Cat. 22)
  • Eugene Slatter Gallery (London), May 14 to June 28, 1947
Gemälde Alter Meister des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts (October 30 to December 15, 1967) (Cat. 23)
  • Julius Böhler Gallery (Starnberg), October 30 to December 15, 1967
The J. Paul Getty Collection (June 29 to September 3, 1972) (Cat. 49)
  • The Minneapolis Institute of Arts (Minneapolis), June 29 to September 3, 1972
Cinco siglos de obras maestras de la pintura en collecciones norteamericanas cedidas en préstamo a Costa Rica (May 6 to June 30, 1978) (Cat. 20)
  • Museo del Jade (San Jose), May 6 to June 30, 1978
Louis Style: French Frames from Louis XIII to Louis XVI, 1610-1792 (September 15, 2015 to January 3, 2016)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), September 15, 2015 to January 3, 2016
Bibliography

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Paillet, Laneuville. Catalogue d'une collection precieuse de tableaux des trois ecoles, composant le cabinet de M. de S [...]. January 22-24, 1812 p. 28, lot 47.

Christie's, London. A Catalogue of a Highly Distinguished and Very Celebrated Collection of Italian, Flemish, and Dutch Pictures, the Genuine Property of his Grace, the Duke de D'Alberg [...]. June 13-14, 1817 p. 9, lot 58.

Lacoste and Henry, Paris. Catalogue de tableaux précieux des diverses ecoles [...] formant le cabinet [...] Féréol Bonnemaison [...]. April 2-7, 1827 p. 54, lot 75.

Smith, John. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch, Flemish, and French Painters [...]. 9 vols. (London: Smith and Son, 1829-1842), vol. 4 (1833) p. 22, no. 71.

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