The J. Paul Getty Museum

Commode

Object Details

Title:

Commode

Artist/Maker:

Gilles Joubert (French, 1689 - 1775)

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France (Place Created)

Date:

1769

Medium:

Oak veneered with kingwood, tulipwood, holly, bloodwood, and ebony; gilt-bronze mounts; sarrancolin marble top

Object Number:

55.DA.5

Dimensions:

93.5 × 181 × 68.6 cm (36 13/16 × 71 1/4 × 27 in.)

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Object Description

Gilles Joubert was eighty years old when he delivered this chest of drawers to the French royal family. It is one of a pair that was made for the Versailles bedroom of Madame Louise, a daughter of Louis XV. The Journal of the royal household's furnishings records its delivery on August 28th, 1769, along with the name of its maker, its dimensions, a detailed description of the piece, and its assigned inventory number, 2556.2, which is boldly inscribed on the back.

The trellis marquetry mounted with gilt-bronze rosettes at the cross-sections is a decorative motif frequently found on Joubert's furniture. The thick gilding, large size, carefully detailed mounts, and heavy marble top all contribute to an overall impression of luxury suitable for a royal owner.

Provenance
Provenance
1769 - after 1785

French Crown, Garde-Meuble de la Couronne (delivered to the chambre à coucher of Louise of France at Versailles in 1769; chambre à coucher of Victoire of France by 1776; in the apartment of Emmanuel-Felicité, duc de Duras and maréchal de France, at Fontainebleau by 1785), probably sold or nationalized during the French Revolution.

before 1879

Baron Lionel (Nathan) de Rothschild, 1808 - 1879 (Gunnersbury Park, Middlesex, England), by descent to his son, Leopold de Rothschild.

1879 - 1917

Leopold de Rothschild, 1845 - 1917 (Hamilton Place, London, England), by descent to his son, Lionel (Nathan) de Rothschild.

1917 - 1942

Lionel (Nathan) de Rothschild, 1882 - 1942 (Exbury House, Hampshire, England), by descent to his son, Edmund (Leopold) de Rothschild.

1942 - 1947

Edmund (Leopold) de Rothschild, English, 1916 - 2009 (Inchmery House, Exbury, Hampshire, England), sold in 1947 to Lady Edith and Sir Alfred Chester Beatty.

1947 - 1952

Lady Edith Chester Beatty, American, 1890 ? - 1952 and Sir Alfred Chester Beatty, American, 1875 - 1968 (London, England), retained by Sir Alfred Chester Beatty after Lady Edith's death, 1952.

1952 - 1955

Sir Alfred Chester Beatty, American, 1875 - 1968 (London, England), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1955.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Louis XV: un moment de perfection de l’art français (December 17, 1974 to April 5, 1975)
  • Hôtel de la Monnaie (Paris), December 17, 1974 to April 5, 1975
Bibliography
Bibliography

Getty, J. Paul, and Ethel Le Vane. Collector's Choice: The Chronicle of an Artistic Odyssey through Europe (London: W. H. Allen, 1955), ill. facing p. 345.

Valentiner, William R., and Paul Wescher. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 2nd ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1956), pp. 8, 31-2, 35, no. 42, ill.

Getty, J. Paul. "Vingt Mille Lieues dans les musées." Connaissance des Arts 57 (November 1956), p. 78, ill.

Wescher, Paul. "A Commode by Gilles Joubert for Versailles in the J. Paul Getty Museum." The Art Quarterly 19, no. 3 (Autumn 1956), pp. 322, 324-25, ill.

Verlet, Pierre. "Peut-on remeubler Versailles?" Le Jardin des arts, no. 40 (February 1958), pp. 255-56, ill.

Watson, F. J. B. Louis XVI Furniture (London: Alec Tiranti Ltd., 1960), p. 105, no. 24, ill.

Getty, J. Paul. Chefs-d'oeuvre de la collection J. Paul Getty (Monaco: Jaspard, Polus & Cie, 1963), pp. 122, 124, ill.

Frégnac, Claude and Jean Meuvret. Les Ébénistes du XVIIIe siècle français (Paris: Hachette, 1963), p. 68, fig. 1.

Verlet, Pierre. French Royal Furniture. Michael Bullock, trans. (London: Barrie and Rockliff, 1963), pp. 77, 111-12, pl. 7, ill.

Getty, J. Paul. The Joys of Collecting (New York: Hawthorn Books, Inc., 1965), pp. 145, 152, 154, ill.

Frégnac, Claude and Jean Meuvret. French Cabinetmakers of the Eighteenth Century (New York: French & European Publications Inc., 1965), p. 68, fig. 1.

Jones, Anne Marian. A Handbook of the Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1965), pp. 10, 17, pl. 5, no. A55.M-4.

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Alcouffe, Daniel, et al. "Hôtel de la Monnaie, Louis XV: un Moment de Perfection de l'Art Français." La Revue du Louvre et des Musées de France 24, no. 6 (1974), p. 467.

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Wilson, Gillian. Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1977), p. 71, no. 95.

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The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 173.

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Kjellberg, Pierre. Le Mobilier français du XVIIIe siècle: Dictionnaire des ébénistes et des menuisiers (Paris: Éditions de l'Amateur, 1989), pp. 456-57, 757-59, 761, ill.

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Verlet, Pierre. French Furniture of the Eighteenth Century. Penelope Hunter-Stiebel, trans. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1991), pp. 19, 109, fig. 4 (detail).

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