The J. Paul Getty Museum

Triumph of Chastity

Object Details

Title:

Triumph of Chastity

Artist/Maker:

Francesco di Giorgio Martini (Italian (Sienese), 1439 - 1501)

Culture:

Italian

Date:

mid-1460s

Medium:

Tempera on panel

Object Number:

57.PB.2

Dimensions:

38.7 × 170.4 cm (15 1/4 × 67 1/16 in.)

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Object Description

A chastised Cupid with bound arms and clipped wings walks before a unicorn-drawn chariot carrying the enthroned figure of Chastity to her six-sided temple. At either end of the panel is a bird, possibly a swan, which also symbolized chastity, draped with an escutcheon displaying a coat of arms. The arms belong to the Gabbrielli and Luti families, who celebrated a wedding in 1464.

Artists often painted cassoni, chests designed to carry a bride's trousseau, with such themes as the Triumph of Chastity, invoking the bride to honor the sanctity of marriage and warning her of the consequences if she does not. Cassoni panels such as this one also often featured processions, recalling the nuptial processions in which the chests traveled with the bride to her husband's home.

The ethereal figures, delicate linearity, and intricate patterning of the scene betray Francesco di Giorgio Martini's Sienese origins.

Provenance
Provenance
- 1957

Galerie Pardo (Paris, France), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1957.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
The Geometry of Seeing: Perspective and the Dawn of Virtual Space (April 16 to July 7, 2002)
  • The Getty Research Institute (Los Angeles), April 16 to July 7, 2002
The Triumph of Marriage: Painted Cassoni of the Renaissance (October 16, 2008 to April 19, 2009)
  • Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum (Boston), October 16, 2008 to January 18, 2009
  • The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art (Sarasota), February 14 to April 19, 2009
Bibliography
Bibliography

Fredericksen, Burton B. A Handbook of the Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1965), p. 14, pl. 8a.

Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A List of the Principal Artists and Their Works with an Index of Places; Central Italian and North Italian Schools. 3 vols. (New York: Phaidon, 1968), vol. 2, pl. 885.

Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A List of the Principal Artists and Their Works with an Index of Places, Central Italian and North Italian Schools. 3 vols. (New York: Phaidon, 1968), vol. 1, p. 140.

Fredericksen, Burton B. The Cassone Paintings of Francesco di Giorgio (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1969), pp. 8, 17-24, 36-38, figs. 8-10.

Waterhouse, Ellis Kirkham. Notebooks. Vol. 58 (Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute) accession no. 870204, p. 221 (Dec. 10, 1970).

Fredericksen, Burton B. Catalogue of the Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1972), pp. 15-16, no. 17, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B., and Federico Zeri. Census of Pre-Nineteenth-Century Italian Paintings in North American Public Collections (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1972), p. 74.

Fredericksen, Burton B., et al. Guidebook: The J. Paul Getty Museum. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1976), p. 62.

Vertova, Luisa. "Cupid and Psyche in Renaissance Painting Before Raphael." Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 42 (1979), p. 120.

Callmann, Ellen. Beyond Nobility: Art for the Private Citizen in the Early Renaissance, exh. cat. (Allentown, PA: Allentown Art Museum, 1980), p. 10.

Toledano, Ralph. Francesco di Giorgio Martini: Pittore e scultore (Milan: Electa, 1987), pp. 20, 47-48, no. 9, figs. 8, 94.

Christiansen, Keith, et. al. Painting in Renaissance Siena, 1420-1500, exh. cat. (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1988), pp. 316, 319, 324, under nos. 64, 66, entries by Laurence B. Kanter.

Marani, Pietro C. Review of Francesco di Giorgio Martini: Pittore e scultore, by Ralph Toledano. The Burlington Magazine 131, no. 1039 (October 1989), p. 711.

Barriault, Anne B. "The Abundant, Beautiful, Chaste, and Wise." Arts in Virginia 30, no. 1 (1991), p. 10, figs. 6-6a.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 44, ill.

Panzanelli, Roberta. The Geometry of Seeing: Perspective and the Dawn of Virtual Space, exh. brochure (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Trust, 2002), unpaginated, no. 2.

David, Benjamin. "Narrative in Context: The Cassoni of Francesco di Giorgio." In Renaissance Siena: Art in Context. A. Lawrence Jenkens, ed. (Kirksville: Truman State University Press, 2005), pp. 110-12, fig. 1.

Baskins, Cristelle, et al. The Triumph of Marriage: Painted Cassoni of the Renaissance, exh. cat. (Boston: Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, 2008), pp. 110-12, no. 5, ill., entry by Cristelle Baskins.

Zuffi, Stefano. Amore ed erotismo (Milan: Electa, 2008), p. 196, ill.

Zuffi, Stefano. Love and the Erotic in Art. Stephen Sartarelli, trans. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), p. 196, ill.

Pócs, Dániel. A Didymus-Corvina: Hatalmi reprezentáció Mátyás király udvarában (Budapest: MTA Művészettörténeti Kutató Intézet, 2012), pp. 146-47, 311, fig. xii.

Ikegami, Hidehiro. The Italian Renaissance (Tokyo: Shogakukan, 2014), pp. 22-23, 28, figs. 1-7.