Portrait of a Young Woman

Object Details

Title:

Portrait of a Young Woman

Artist/Maker:

Nicolaes Eliasz. Pickenoy (Dutch, 1590/1591 - 1654/1656)

Culture:

Dutch

Date:

1632

Medium:

Oil on panel

Dimensions:

118.7 × 90.2 cm (46 3/4 × 35 1/2 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of J. Paul Getty

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Painted to commemorate her marriage, this portrait of an unknown young woman is the pendant to Nicolaes Pickenoy's Portrait of a Man. An inscription dates the painting to 1632 and gives her age as twenty-one. As was common in such pairs of paintings, the young woman's three-quarter pose matches her husband's: each turns slightly toward the other while facing the viewer.

Pickenoy was particularly adept at meticulously rendering details of his sitter's costumes, seen here in this carefully accurate portrait of a middle-class patron. The sitter is distinguished by her costume of rich black satin with a gold-embroidered bodice. Delicate white lace forms her elegant cuffs and headdress. An enormous, pleated collar surrounds her neck. She wears gold jewelry around her waist, neck, and wrists; a ring adorns her right hand. In her left hand she holds a pair of gray silk gloves embroidered in multi-colored silk threads.

Provenance
by 1904 -

Dowdeswell & Dowdeswell, Ltd. (London, England)
Source: Burlington Magazine, June 1904, p. 319, illustrated p. 317, as belonging to Messrs. Dowdeswell.

- 1906

Edward Maynard Denny, about 1832 - 1906 (London, England) [sold, Denny sale, Christie's, London. March 31, 1906, lot 56, through Gooden & Fox (London, England) to Louis E. Raphael.]

1906 -

Louis E. Raphael (London, England), by inheritance to his wife, Mrs. Henriette Raphael.

- 1926

Mrs. Henriette (Goldschmidt) Raphael, 1877 - 1926 (London, England), upon her death, held in trust by the estate.

1926 - 1927

Estate of Mrs. Henriette (Goldschmidt) Raphael, 1877 - 1926 (London, England) [sold, Raphael sale, Christie's, London, May 20, 1927, lot 17, to Anton W. M. Mensing.]

1927 - 1936

Anton W. M. Mensing, 1866 - 1936 (Amsterdam, The Netherlands), upon his death, held in trust by the estate.

1936 - 1938

Estate of Anton W. M. Mensing, 1866 - 1936 (Amsterdam, The Netherlands) [sold, Anton W. M. Mensing sale, Frederik Muller & Cie. (direction de Mensing & Fils), Amsterdam, November 15, 1938, lot 82, to J. Paul Getty.]

1938 - 1954

J. Paul Getty, American, 1892 - 1976 (Malibu, California; Sutton Place, Surrey, England), donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1954.

Exhibitions
Tentoonstelling van Oude Kunst door de Mereeniging van handelaren in Oude Kunst in Nederland (1929) (47)
  • Rijksmuseum (Amsterdam), 1929
Exhibition of Dutch Art 1450 - 1900 (January 4 to March 9, 1929) (Cat. 75)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), January 4 to March 9, 1929
The Balch Collection and Old Masters from Los Angeles Collections, Assembled in Memory of Mr. and Mrs. Allan C. Balch (March 26 to April 30, 1944) (Cat. 30)
  • Los Angeles County Museum of Art (Los Angeles), March 26 to April 30, 1944
Bibliography

Burlington Magazine 5 (June 1904) pp. 318-19, ill.

Wurzbach, Alfred von. Niederländisches Künstler-Lexikon. 3 vols. (Vienna and Leipzig: Verlag von Halm und Goldmann, 1906-1911) vol. 1 (1906), p. 489.

Frederik Muller & Cie., Amsterdam. Collection de feu M.- Ant. W. M. Mensing d'Amsterdam: Catalogue des tableaux anciens. November 15, 1938 p. 22, lot 82, ill.

The Balch Collection and Old Masters from Los Angeles Collections, Assembled in Memory of Mr. and Mrs. Allan C. Balch, exh. cat. (Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum, 1944) unpaginated, no. 30.

Valentiner, Wilhelm R., and Paul Wescher. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook (Los Angeles: n.p., 1954) p. 16; 2nd edition (1956) , p. 31.

Getty, J. Paul, and Ethel Le Vane. Collector's Choice: The Chronicle of an Artistic Odyssey through Europe (London: W. H. Allen, 1955) pp. 16, 62.

Fredericksen, Burton B. A Handbook of the Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1965) p. 11.

Getty, J. Paul. The Joys of Collecting (New York: Hawthorn Books, Inc., 1965) pp. 30, 114, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B. Catalogue of the Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1972) p. 79, no. 98, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B. Masterpieces of Painting in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1980) unpaginated, no. 31, ill.

Mills, Betty J. The Language of Lace. A Reference Manual (Lubbock, Texas: The Museum, Texas Tech University, 1984) p. 7.

Sutton, Peter C. A Guide to Dutch Art in America (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1986) p. 145.

Wardle, Patricia. "Embroidery Most Sumptuously Wrought." The Bulletin of the Needle and Bobbin Club 69, nos. 1 and 2 (1986) p. 5, fig. 9.

Loschek, Ingrid. Reclams Mode-und Kostümlexikon. (Stuttgart: Reclam, 1987) p. 45, fig. 52.

Mörzer Bruyns, W.F.J. "The Amsterdam Scheepvaartmuseum and Anton Mensing." Journal of the History of Collections 7, no. 2. (1995) p. 236, ill.

"Acquisitions/1994." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 23 (1995) p. 92, under no. 49.2, ill.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997) p. 95, ill.

Ekkart, Rudolf E.O. "Pickenoy, Nicolaes Eliasz." In Oxford Art Online (accessed September 21, 2015).