The Annunciation

Object Details

Title:

The Annunciation

Artist/Maker:

Taddeo Crivelli (Italian, died about 1479, active about 1451 - 1479)

Culture:

Italian

Place:

Ferrara, Emilia-Romagna, Italy, Europe (Place created)

Date:

about 1469

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold paint, gold leaf, and ink on parchment

Dimensions:

Leaf: 10.8 × 7.9 cm (4 1/4 × 3 1/8 in.)

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On a vibrant tile floor of alternating colors, the Virgin Mary kneels within the deep receding space of the chapel. Suddenly she is interrupted at her daily devotions by the angel Gabriel, who announces that she will bear the Messiah. An abbreviated version of Gabriel's words, taken from Luke's Gospel, appears on the top of the frame in classical Roman letters: Ave gracia plena(Hail, full of grace).

In contrast to the central image's use of perspective to suggest the illusion of depth, the space of the border bursts out into the viewer's space with feats of trompe l'oeil illusionism. The putto on the left, wrapped in a swirling scroll of music, pushes his right foot into the viewer's space while his wings overlap the outer frame. Naturalistic elements, including flowers, peacocks, and trees, crowd the border, interspersed with Renaissance heraldic devices with Gualengo's personal mottoes.

This miniature of the Annunciation faces the beginning of the text of the service of Matins in the Hours of the Virgin.

Related Works
Exhibitions
Vie a mon desir: Illuminated Manuscripts and Their Patrons (April 18 to July 2, 1989)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 18 to July 2, 1989
Ludwigslust: Die Sammlung Irene und Peter Ludwig (June 19 to October 10, 1993)
  • Germanisches Nationalmuseum (Nuremberg), June 19 to October 10, 1993
La minatura a Ferrara dal tempo di Cosmè Tura al primo Cinquecento (March 1 to May 31, 1998)
  • Museo Civico di Schifanoia (Ferrara), March 1 to May 31, 1998
Five Hundred Years of Manuscript Illumination (February 11 to June 1, 2003)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), February 11 to June 1, 2003
Cosmè Tura e Francesco del Cossa: L'arte a Ferrara nell'età di Borso d'Este (September 23, 2007 to January 6, 2008)
  • Palazzo dei Diamanti (Ferrara), September 23, 2007 to January 6, 2008
Renaissance Splendors of the Northern Italian Courts (March 31 to June 21, 2015)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 31 to June 21, 2015