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The Presentation in the Temple
Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany (Place created)
about 1030 - 1040
Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment
Leaf: 23.2 x 16 cm (9 1/8 x 6 5/16 in.)
The miniature of the Presentation in the Temple in this Ottonian benedictional precedes the text for the feast of the Purification of the Virgin. In medieval art, the Purification, when the Virgin celebrated her ritual purification after giving birth by offering a sacrifice, was often conflated with the Presentation, because the two events would have occurred at about the same time.
In the miniature, a series of large arches frames the figures of Joseph carrying the doves for sacrifice on the left, the Virgin holding the month-old but adult-bodied Jesus in the center, and the priest Simeon on the right. The architecture places the scene in the Temple in Jerusalem, but the altar and chalice refer to the Christian sacrament of the Eucharist. Jesus' placement above the altar further alludes to the Eucharist because during that rite Jesus' body and blood are understood to be present in the bread and wine that are consecrated on the altar.
The figures are solidly placed and full bodied. In keeping with the benedictional's ceremonial function, the abstract pattern of stripes on their garments establishes a majestic rhythm in the image.
German and Central European Manuscript Illumination (February 24 to May 24, 2009)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), February 24 to May 24, 2009, (Cat.)
The Art of Devotion in the Middle Ages (August 28, 2012 to February 5, 2013)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 28, 2012 to February 5, 2013, (Cat.)