This image is available for download, without charge, under the Getty's Open Content Program.
Open Content images tend to be large in file-size. To avoid potential data charges from your carrier, we recommend making sure your device is connected to a Wi-Fi network before downloading.
Bishop Engilmar Celebrating Mass
Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany, Europe (Place created)
about 1030 - 1040
Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment
Ms. Ludwig VII 1, fol. 16
Leaf: 23.2 × 16 cm (9 1/8 × 6 5/16 in.)
A bishop blesses an assortment of lay people at Mass in what was originally the first page of this Ottonian benedictional made in the monastery of Saint Emmeram. An inscription on the gold ground above the bishop's head identifies him as Engilmarus ep[iscopu]s (Bishop Engilmar). Engilmar stands to the right before an altar with a chalice on it and a sacramentary visible just beyond. To the left a deacon holds a benedictional, containing the specific blessings said by a bishop during the celebration of the Mass. Their tonsures, the characteristic shaved circle on their heads, identify the figures performing the liturgical rituals as monks. The scene takes place within an architectural space intended to be symbolic rather than realistic. The sharply angled walls, for example, seem to indicate that the figures are located at the back of the church, where the altar would be, yet at the same time the crenellations that top the walls seem to suggest an exterior view. This type of abstract treatment can also be seen in the regular patterns of the drapery, such as the embedded V-folds in the altar cloth and the deacon's outer garments.
Regensburger Buchmalerie (May 16 to August 9, 1987)
- Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (Munich), May 16 to August 9, 1987
Vie a mon desir: Illuminated Manuscripts and Their Patrons (April 18 to July 2, 1989)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 18 to July 2, 1989
The Art of Giving in the Middle Ages (November 21, 2000 to February 4, 2001)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), November 21, 2000 to February 4, 2001
Artful Reading in Medieval and Renaissance Europe (December 18, 2001 to March 10, 2002)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), December 18, 2001 to March 10, 2002
Imagining Christ (May 6 to July 27, 2008)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), May 6 to July 27, 2008
Give and Ye Shall Receive: Gift Giving in the Middle Ages (December 12, 2014 to March 15, 2015)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), December 12, 2014 to March 15, 2015