The Devil from the Earth

Object Details

Title:

The Devil from the Earth

Artist/Maker(s):

Unknown

Culture:

English

Place(s):

London (probably), England (Place created)

Date:

about 1255 - 1260

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold leaf, colored washes, pen and ink on parchment

Dimensions:

Leaf: 31.9 x 22.5 cm (12 9/16 x 8 7/8 in.)

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That great dragon was cast out [of heaven], that old serpent, who is called the devil and Satan, who seduces the whole world; and he was cast unto the earth. (Apocalypse 12:9)

The illuminator depicted the devil, complete with horns and cloven hooves, holding a scimitar in one hand and a pitchfork in the other. He smiles gleefully at the prospect of his time on earth. An angel descending from the heavens holds a scroll recording the words that Saint John hears: "Ve terre et mari quia descendit diabolus ad vos habens iram magnam" (Woe to the land and sea, because the devil has come down to you, having great wrath).

Related Works
Exhibitions
A Thousand Years of the Bible: Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (January 15 to March 31, 1991)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), January 15 to March 31, 1991, (Cat.)
Five Hundred Years of Manuscript Illumination (February 11 to June 1, 2003)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), February 11 to June 1, 2003, (Cat.)