Apulian Red-Figure Stemless Kylix

Object Details

Title:

Apulian Red-Figure Stemless Kylix

Artist/Maker(s):

Name Vase of the Painter of the Fleischman Phlyax Cup (Greek (Apulian), active about 360 - 350 B.C.)

Culture:

Greek (South Italian, Apulian)

Place(s):

Apulia, South Italy (Place created)

Date:

360 - 350 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Dimensions:

5.8 x 23.9 x 16.1 cm (2 5/16 x 9 7/16 x 6 5/16 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of Barbara and Lawrence Fleischman

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The Greek god Dionysos appears on this Apulian red-figure cup in his role as the god of theater. An actor costumed as a phlyax and holding a wreath stands before Dionysos. The god sits on a chair with a cloak wrapped around his legs holding a phiale, or offering dish, which contains three white objects, perhaps eggs. The term phlyax is used for both farces parodying the heroes and themes of mythology or the comic elements of everyday life and for the actors who performed them. These plays were popular in the 300s and 200s B.C. in the Greek colonies in Italy. The term phlyax probably derives from the Greek verb "to swell" and finds its meaning in the actor's costume of a mask, tights, a padded tunic, and a large artificial phallus. On the outside of this cup, set on a low disk foot, a seated woman holding another phiale with eggs faces a kneeling Eros holding a fillet or ribbon. On the other side, a similar scene is depicted. A nude boy kneels before a woman holding a phiale and a mirror.

This cup represents a change in the theatrical scenes that were so popular on South Italian pottery. About 360 B.C., painters shifted from depicting scenes from plays to alluding to the theater by showing either an actor or Dionysos.

Provenance
- 1989

Robin Symes

and Christo Michailides (London, England), by gift to Barbara and Lawrence Fleischman, 1989.

1989 - 1996

Barbara Fleischman

and Lawrence Fleischman, American, 1925 - 1997 (New York, New York), donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1996.

Exhibitions
A Passion for Antiquities: Ancient Art from the Collection of Barbara and Lawrence Fleischman (October 13, 1994 to April 23, 1995) (60)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 13, 1994 to January 15, 1995
  • The Cleveland Museum of Art, (Cleveland), February 14 to April 23, 1995
Bibliography