The J. Paul Getty Museum

Saint Paul

Object Details

Title:

Saint Paul

Artist/Maker:

Giovanni Girolamo Savoldo (Italian (Lombard), about 1480 - after 1548)

Culture:

Italian

Place:

Italy (Place Created)

Date:

1533

Medium:

Black, white and red chalk on blue paper; top corners trimmed

Object Number:

89.GB.54

Dimensions:

28.4 × 22.5 cm (11 3/16 × 8 7/8 in.)

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Object Description

Using the dramatic effects of chiaroscuro, Giovanni Girolamo Savoldo created a brooding image of Saint Paul. To do this, he used a combination of black, white, and red chalk on blue paper--the paper favored by most Venetian artists during the 1500s and 1600s. As Saint Paul gazes down, the light touches his broad forehead, nose, and ear, showing his furrowed brow, gaunt cheeks, and thinning hair with forceful naturalism. His beard and mustache seem to absorb the light, obscuring his deeply shadowed mouth, neck, and shoulders. Set against a darkened background, the saint's head seems to rise out of the gloom. Although early church documents describe Paul as being short, bald, and ungainly, Savoldo gave him a sense of quiet dignity appropriate to one of the founders of the Christian Church

Provenance
Provenance
1928

Charles Alexander Loeser, 1864 - 1928 (Florence, Italy), by inheritance to his wife and daughter, 1928.

1987

Hazlitt, Gooden & Fox, Ltd., sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1989.
Note: acquired in Geneva

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
European Drawings (November to December 1988)
  • Hazlitt, Gooden & Fox Ltd. (London), November to December 1988
Drawings from the J. Paul Getty Museum (May 24 to August 8, 1993)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), May 24 to August 8, 1993
Drawings from the J. Paul Getty Museum (October 29, 1993 to January 23, 1994)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), October 29, 1993 to January 23, 1994
Casting Characters: Portraits and Studies of Heads (November 4, 2003 to February 1, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), November 4, 2003 to February 1, 2004
From Line to Light: Renaissance Drawing in Florence and Venice (July 20 to October 10, 2010)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), July 20 to October 10, 2010
Spectacular Mysteries: Renaissance Drawings Revealed (December 11, 2018 to April 28, 2019)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), December 11, 2018 to April 28, 2019
Bibliography
Bibliography

Schönbrunner, Jos. Handzeichnungen Alter Meister aus der Albertina und anderen Sammlungen, vol. 9 (Vienna: Ferdinand Schenk, 1904), no. 1007.

Gerola, Giuseppe. Le Antiche Pale di S. Maria in Organo di Verona (Bergamo: Instituto Italiano d'Arti Graiche, 1913), p. 9.

Suida, Wilhelm. "Savoldo, Giovanni Girolamo." In Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler. Hans Vollmer, ed. Vol. 29, Rosa - Scheffauer (Leipzig: Seeman, 1935), p. 511.

Avena, Antonio. Capolavori della Pittura Veronese (Castelvecchio: Marzo-Ottobre, 1947), p. 40, under no. 79.

Gilbert, Creighton. "Savoldo's Drawings Put to Use: A Study in Renaissance Workshop Practices." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 41 (1953), pp. 13, 16-17.

Gilbert, Creighton E. "The Works of Gerolamo Savoldo." Ph.D. diss. 2 vols. (Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, 1955), pp. 173, 458, 490, 506, no. 16, fig. 55.

The Lee Collection (London: Courtauld Institute of Art, 1958), p. 36, under no. 71.

Boschetto, Antonio. Giovan Gerolamo Savoldo (Milan: Bramante, 1963), op. pl. 66.

Catalogue of the Lee Collection (London: Courtauld Institute of Art, 1967), p. 39, under no. 72.

Tietze, Hans and E. Tietze-Conrat. The Drawings of the Venetian Painters in the 15th and 16th Centuries (New York: J.J. Augustin, 1970), pp. 247, 248, no. 1406.

Anelli, Luciano. "La pala di S. Maria in Organo a Verona: Paternità e Restauro." Giovanni Gerolamo Savoldo, Pittore Bresciano, ed. G. Panazza (Brescia?: Edizioni del Moretto, 1985), pp. 73, 74, n17.

Gilbert, Creighton. "Osservazioni sulla pala di S. Maria in Organo a Verona attribuita a Gian Girolamo Savoldo." Giovanni Gerolamo Savoldo, Pittore Bresciano, ed. G. Panazza (Brescia?: Edizioni del Moretto, 1985), p. 82.

Goldner, George R., et al. European Drawings: Catalogue of the Collections. 4 vols. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1988-2001), vol. 1 (1988), p. 112, under no. 45, ill.

European Drawings: Recent Acquisitions, exh. cat. (London: Hazlitt, Gooden & Fox, 1988), unpaginated, no. 4, ill.

Creighton, Gilbert. Giovanni Gerolamo Savoldo tra Foppa Giorgione e Caravaggio, exh. cat. (Milan: Electa, 1990), pp. 102, 200, 202, 206.

Nova, Alessandro. Review of Giovanni Gerolamo Savoldo: tra Foppa, Giorgione e Caravaggio. Brescia and Frankfurt. Burlington Magazine 132, no. 1047 (June 1990), p. 434, n2.

Goldner, George R., Lee Hendrix, and Kelly Pask. European Drawings: Catalogue of the Collections. 4 vols. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1988-2001), vol. 2 (1992), pp. 116, 117, no. 45.