The J. Paul Getty Museum

Funerary Amphora with Scenes of Mourning

Object Details

Title:

Funerary Amphora with Scenes of Mourning

Artist/Maker:

Attributed to the Philadelphia Painter

Culture:

Greek (Attic)

Place:

Greece (Place Created)

Date:

720–700 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Object Number:

2016.35

Dimensions:

70.2 × 33 cm (27 5/8 × 13 in.)

Credit Line:

Purchased in part with funds provided by the Villa Council

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Object Description

Bands of meanders, waves, cables, and checkerboards are interspersed with figural scenes on this amphora (storage vessel). A row of dancing women decorates one side of the neck, while the opposite side depicts dancing men accompanied by a flute player. A frieze of grazing horses runs along the shoulder. Below this are processions of men in chariots and warriors carrying round shields. Snakes modeled in the round decorate the handles of the vase, as well as the rim and the shoulder.

The anatomical details of the figures and animals on this vase are reduced to simple geometric shapes, a style characteristic of Greek Geometric art (about 900-700 B.C.). Painted figural scenes in this period focused primarily on funerary rituals and the world of heroic warriors. Large vases such as this one originally served as grave markers. The dancing figures on the neck of the vessel are likely engaged in a ritual dance, while the chariots and armed soldiers on the body represent ceremonial processions or funerary games. Snakes were traditionally associated with death, and probably also refer to the vases’ function as a grave monument.

Provenance
Provenance
by 1963 - 2012

Private Collection (Düsseldorf, Germany) [sold, Düsseldorfer Auktionshaus, Düsseldorf, November 23, 2012, lot 1332, to Search Fine Arts, Ltd.]

2012 - 2016

Search Fine Arts, Ltd, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 2016.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Griechische Plastik: Vasen und Kleinkunst: Leihgaben aus Privatbesitz (May 27 to September 27, 1964)
  • Staatliche Museen (Kassel), May 27 to September 27, 1964
Weltkunst aus Privatbesitz (May 18 to August 4, 1968)
  • Kunsthalle Köln (Cologne), May 18 to August 4, 1968
Bibliography
Bibliography

Tölle, Renate. "Eine geometrische Amphora in Essen." Archäologischer Anzeiger (no.2, 1963), p. 221n27.

Lullies, Reinhard. Griechische Plastik, Vasen und Kleinkunst: Leihgaben aus Privatbesitz, exh. cat. (Kassel, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen, 1964), no. 38, pl. 38, ill.

Tölle, Renate. Frühgriechische Reigentänze. (Waldsassen/Bayern: Stiftland-Verlag, 1964), pp. 17, 30-31, 38, 89, no. 26, pl. 8.

Fittschen, Klaus. Review of Frühgriechische Reigentänze, by Renate Tölle. Gnomon 37 (1965), p. 835.

May, Helmut, ed. Weltkunst aus Privatbesitz, exh. cat. (Cologne: Druckerei J. P. Bachem, 1968), cat. no. A 5, color pl. I [erroneously labeled as A 2], ill., entry by Jorgen Bracker.

Wegner, Max. Musik und Tanz. Archaeologia Homerica, vol. 3, Kapitel U. (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 1968), p. U 77, no. 75, pl. U Vb, ill.

Coldstream, J N. Greek Geometric Pottery: A Survey of Ten Local Styles and Their Chronology (London: Methuen, 1968), pp. 57-58, no. 2.

Fittschen, Klaus. Untersuchungen zum Beginn der Sagendarstellungen bei den Griechen. (Berlin: Hessling, 1969), pp. 20n56, 130n647, figs. 2-3.

Webster, T. B. L. Monuments Illustrating New Comedy 2nd ed. (London: Institute of Classical Studies, 1969), p. 34n41.

Ahlberg, Gudrun. Prothesis and Ekphora in Greek Geometric art. Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology, vol. XXXII, pt. 1. (Göteborg: P. Åström Förlag, 1971), p. 183.

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Kahil, Lilly. "Une 'ronde' sur un col d'amphore eubéen." In Studies in Honour of Arthur Dale Trendall. Alexander Cambitoglou, ed. (Sydney: Sydney University Press, 1979), p. 98.

Lullies, Reinhard. "Zur Bedeutung des Kranzes von Armento." Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts 97 (1982), pp.116-117, figs. 12-13, ill.

Wickert-Micknat, Gisela. Die Frau. Archaeologia Homerica, vol. 3, Kapitel R. (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht, 1982), pp. R 25-26, ill. (front cover).

Blech, Michael. Studien zum Kranz bei den Griechen. (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1982), p. 36, fig. 1c.

Rombos, Theodora. The Iconography of Attic Late Geometric II Pottery (Partille, Sweden : Paul Åströms förlag, 1988), pp. 344-346, 433, no. 142.

Brand, Helmut. Griechische Musikanten im Kult: von der Frühzeit bis zum Beginn der Spätklassik. (Dettelbach: J.H. Röll, 2000), pp. 22, 62-63, 188, cat. GAtt 5.

Morgan, Catherine. "The Corinthian Aristocracy and Corinthian Cult." In Peloponnesian Sanctuaries and Cults: Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium at the Swedish Institute at Athens, 11-13 June 1994, ser. 4, XLVIII. Robin Hägg, ed. (Stockholm : Svenska Institutet i Athen, 2002), p. 49n17, p. 49n17.

Dehl- von Kaenel, Christiane, ed. Corpus vasorum antiquorum: Geometrische Keramik. Berlin, Antikensammlung (ehemals Antiquarium) 10. (Germany 85). (Munich: Verlag C.H. Beck, 2009), p. 51.

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