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Getty Villa, Gallery 110, Stories of Trojan War
Sarcophagus with lid and 4 unjoined fragments
Unknown maker, made in an Attic workshop
Athens, Greece (Place created)
180 - 220
134 × 211 × 147 cm (52 3/4 × 83 1/16 × 57 7/8 in.)
Four separate episodes from the life of the Greek hero Achilles decorate the sides of this Roman sarcophagus. The front shows Achilles desecrating the corpse of the fallen Trojan hero Hektor by dragging it behind his chariot. One short end shows Achilles putting on his armor, and the other shows Odysseus discovering Achilles hiding among the daughters of King Lykomedes on Skyros. The unfinished back of the sarcophagus shows a battle of Greeks and centaurs. This scene probably also refers to the life of Achilles, since he was educated by the centaur Chiron. The life of Achilles was a popular subject for the decoration of Roman sarcophagi.
On the lid, a man and a woman recline on an upholstered couch. The heads of the figures have been left unfinished. If they were intended to be portraits of the deceased, this work was, for reasons now unknown, never completed.
Burial in a sarcophagus was a popular custom during the period from about 150 to 250 A.D. Sarcophagi were mass produced in a few centers, one of which was Athens. Athenian sarcophagi were carved on all four sides and often surmounted with reclining figures.