Helmet of Chalcidian Type

Object Details

Title:

Helmet of Chalcidian Type

Artist/Maker(s):

Unknown

Culture:

Greek (South Italian)

Place(s):

South Italy (Place created)

Date:

350 - 300 B.C.

Medium:

Bronze

Dimensions:

27.9 x 20 x 66.4 cm (11 x 7 7/8 x 26 1/8 in.)

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This helmet, with its unusually elaborate decoration, is a variation of the Chalkidian type of helmet made in South Italy. The Chalkidian helmet was lighter and less cumbersome than other Greek helmets and is distinguished by its hinged cheekpieces.

The decoration of this example includes a griffin protome on the crest, flanked by wings above the ears. The spring-like coils just inside the wings originally would have held feather plumes. The helmet's brow depicts a diadem and the locks of hair surrounding it. The cheekpieces, although damaged, are decorated with strands of beard and an animal, perhaps a goat.

Helmets with griffin protomes are usually associated with gods and heroes. This extensively decorated helmet probably was not used as battle armor; instead, it may have served a ceremonial function.

Provenance
- 1993

The Merrin Gallery (New York, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993.

Exhibitions
Beyond Beauty: Antiquities as Evidence (December 16, 1997 to January 17, 1999)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), December 16, 1997 to January 17, 1999, (Cat.)
Ancient Art from the Permanent Collection (March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004, (Cat.)
Bibliography

Towne Markus, Elana. Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Antiquities. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997) p. 86.

Burns, Michael Thomas. The Military Equipment and Methods of Warfare of the Samnites and other Oscan Speaking Peoples, Master's Thesis (Boston: University of Massachusettes, 2000) pp. 85-86, fig. 24.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2002) p. 113.

Sacks, David. Encyclopedia of the Anciet Greek World (New York: Facts on File, Inc, 2005) p. 83, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), p. 110.