Jeanne (Spring)

Object Details

Title:

Jeanne (Spring)

Artist/Maker:

Édouard Manet (French, 1832 - 1883)

Culture:

French

Place:

France (Place created)

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

74 × 51.5 cm (29 1/8 × 20 1/4 in.)

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A chic young woman in a day dress with floral accents holds a parasol against a background of exuberant foliage. She looks straight ahead, a picture of poise and detachment even as she seems fully aware of the viewer's admiring gaze. Representing aspiring Parisian actress Jeanne Demarsy as the embodiment of Spring, this portrait debuted at the last major public exhibition of Manet's life, the Paris Salon of 1882. For more than two decades, Manet's paintings were rejected by the Salon or met with controversy; Spring was the most unalloyed success of the artist's Salon career, a career that ended tragically a year later when Manet died of causes related to syphilis.

Appealing to critics primarily on account of Jeanne's charm, Spring also showcased Manet's mastery of his medium. The painting exhibits a marvelous range of brushwork, from the thin, delicate floral touches on the dress to the smooth handling of Jeanne's face and the broad, sketch-like strokes of the backdrop. The painting's sensual handling and bright, vibrant palette evoke the pleasures of the season it celebrates.

When composing Spring, Manet had in view both the latest fashion trends and old artistic traditions. An avid connoisseur of feminine couture, he pieced together Jeanne's ensemble himself by scouring dressmakers' and milliners' shops. Posing his model in the studio, however, he referred to portrait conventions of the early Italian Renaissance, presenting her half-length, in profile, and against a mass of greenery. More than just an ephemeral "fashion-plate," Manet's archetypal Spring was conceived as a picture for the ages, summarizing his modern epoch through the figure of a beautiful Parisienne.

Provenance
1881 - 1883

Édouard Manet, French, 1832 - 1883 (Paris), sold for 3,000 francs to Antonin Proust, 1883.

1883 - still in 1889

Antonin Proust, French, 1832 - 1905 (Paris)

by 1902 - 1907

Jean-Baptiste Faure, French, 1830 - 1914 (Paris), sold to Paul Durand-Ruel, 1907.

1907 - 1909

Galeries Durand-Ruel (Paris), transferred to Durand-Ruel Galleries, New York, 1909.

1909

Durand-Ruel Galleries (New York), sold to Oliver H. Payne, 1909.

1909 - 1917

Oliver H. Payne, American, 1839 - 1917 (New York), by inheritance within his family.

1917 - 2014

Family heirs of Oliver H. Payne, American, 1839 - 1917, sold, Christie's, New York, November 5, 2014, lot 16, to Otto Naumann for the J. Paul Getty Museum.

Exhibitions
Ouvrages de peinture, sculpture, architecture, gravure, et lithographie des artistes vivants exposés au Palais des Champs-Élysées le 1er mai 1882 (May 1 to June 20, 1882) (Cat. 1754; as "Jeanne")
  • Palais des Champs-Elysées (Paris), May 1 to June 20, 1882
Exposition des oeuvres de Édouard Manet (1884) (Cat. 105; as "Jeanne (Le Printemps)")
  • École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts (Paris), 1884
Exposition centennale de l'art français (1789-1889) (1889) (Cat. 495; as "Le Printemps; - Jeanne")
  • Exposition universelle internationale de 1889 (Paris), 1889
Exposition de 24 tableaux et aquarelles par Manet formant la collection Faure (March 1 to March 17, 1906) (Cat. 23; as "Le Printemps")
  • Galeries Durand-Ruel (Paris), March 1 to March 17, 1906
Ausstellung der Sammlung Faure (September 22 to October 28, 1906) (Cat. 21; as "Der Frühling")
  • Kunstsalon Paul Cassirer (Berlin), September 22 to October 28, 1906
Franco-British Exhibition (1908) (Cat. 330; as "Le Printemps (Mlle. Marsy)")
  • Fine Art Palace, Franco-British Exhibition (London), 1908
Exposition rétrospective de portraits de femmes sous les trois Républiques (1909) (Cat. 135; as "Portrait de Mlle M... (Le Printemps)")
  • Palais de Bagatelle (Paris), 1909
Cinquante ans de peinture française, 1875-1925 (May 28 to July 12, 1925) (Cat. 43; as "Jeanne (Portrait de Mlle de Marsy)")
  • Musée des Arts Décoratifs (Paris), May 28 to July 12, 1925
The 1870s in France (1938) (No cat. no.)
  • Carroll Carstairs Gallery (New York City), 1938
A Loan Exhibition of Fashion in Headdress, 1450-1943 (April 27 to May 27, 1943) (Cat. 93)
  • Wildenstein & Company (New York), April 27 to May 27, 1943
Paintings from Private Collections: Summer Loan Exhibition (July 6 to September 4, 1960) (Cat. 60)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), July 6 to September 4, 1960
Paintings from Private Collections: Summer Loan Exhibition (1961) (Cat. 46)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), 1961
Paintings from Private Collections: Summer Loan Exhibition (1962) (Cat. 37)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), 1962
Paintings from Private Collections: Summer Loan Exhibition (1963) (Cat. 33)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), 1963
Summer Loan Exhibition: Paintings, Drawings, and Sculpture from Private Collections (1966) (Cat. 83)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), 1966
Art and the Decorator (April 26 to May 13, 1967) (No cat. no.)
  • Wildenstein & Company (New York), April 26 to May 13, 1967
New York Collects: Paintings, Watercolors and Sculpture from Private Collections (July 3 to September 2, 1968)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), July 3 to September 2, 1968
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