Double Head

Object Details

Title:

Double Head

Artist/Maker(s):

Attributed to Francesco Primaticcio (Italian, 1504 - 1570)

Culture:

Italian

Place(s):

Fontainebleau, France (Place created)

Date:

about 1543

Medium:

Bronze

Dimensions:

38.5 x 35 x 20 cm (15 3/16 x 13 3/4 x 7 7/8 in.)

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This intriguing sculpture was cast from the female head of the ancient marble statue Cesi Juno(Rome, Capitoline Museum), which Michelangelo described as the most beautiful object in Rome. It may be one of the bronze casts after antique Roman statues that the French king Francis I commissioned from Primaticcio, his court artist, for the château at Fontainebleau, outside Paris; Double Head is depicted in a print of about 1650 above the entrance to a garden at Fontainebleau. It then passed to several famous collectors, including the 18th-century connoisseur Pierre Crozat and the 20th-century designer Yves Saint Laurent.

Provenance
still in 1707

King Louis XIV of France, French, 1638 - 1715 (Fontainebleau, France), displayed in the oculus above the door in the garden called 'Jardin de l'Etang' (Garden of the Pond), 1707.

- 1740

Pierre Crozat, French, 1665 - 1740 (Paris, France), by inheritance to his heir, his nephew, Louis-François Crozat, marquis du Chatel, 1740.

1740 - 1750

Louis-François Crozat, marquis du Chatel, 1691 - 1750 (Paris, France) [sold, Paris, December 14, 1750, lot 103 (catalogue by Pierre-Jean Mariette), probably to his brother, Louis-Antoine Crozat, baron de Thiers]

1750 - 1770

Louis-Antoine Crozat, baron de Thiers, 1699 - 1770 (Paris, France), by inheritance to his heirs, 1770.

1770 - 1772

heirs of Louis-Antoine Crozat, baron de Thiers, 1699 - 1770 [sold, Paris, February 26 - March 27, 1772, lot 868, to Picard (catalogue by P. Remy).]

1772 - 1779

Charles Adrien Picard, active before 1779 [sold, Paris, 1779, lot 32, possibly to d'Ennery.]

possibly 1779 - 1786

d'Ennery, active before 1786 [sold, Paris, 1786, lot 52.]

1786/1792 - 1793

Quentin Craufurd, 1743 - 1819 (hôtel Rouillé d'Orfeuil, Paris, France), confiscated during the French Revolution, October 9 and 13, 1793.

1793 - after 1815

French Government, Garde-Meuble National, restituted to Quentin Craufurd, after 1815.

after 1815 - 1819

Quentin Craufurd, 1743 - 1819 (hôtel de Créquy, rue d'Anjou Saint-Honoré, Paris, France) [sold, Paris, November 20, 1820, lot 427, to Jarman]

1820 -

Jarman (London, England), probably sold to William Danby.

- 1833

William Danby, 1752 - 1833 (Swinton Park, Masham, Yorkshire, England), by inheritance to his nephew, George Afflek Danby, 1833.

1833 - 1882

George Afflek Danby, 1818 - 1891 (Swinton Park, Masham, Yorkshire, England), sold at his departure to Australia to Samuel Cunliffe Lister, 1882.

1882 - 1906

Samuel Cunliffe Lister, first baron Masham, 1815 - 1906 (Swinton Park, Masham, Yorkshire, England), by inheritance to his son, Samuel Cunliffe Lister, second baron Masham, 1906.

1906 - 1917

Samuel Cunliffe Lister, second baron Masham, 1857 - 1917 (Swinton Park, Masham, Yorkshire, England), by inheritance to his brother, John Cunliffe Lister, third baron Masham, 1917.

1917 - 1924

John Cunliffe Lister, third baron Masham, 1867 - 1924 (Swinton Park, Masham, Yorkshire, England), by inheritance to his niece, Mary Constance Boynton (Molly), countess of Swinton, 1924.

1924 - 1975

Mary Constance Boynton, died 1974 (Swinton Park, Masham, Yorkshire, England) [sold, Christie's, Swinton House, October 20, 1975, lot 98, to Didier Aaron]

1975 - 1976

Didier Aaron, Les Antiquaires de Paris (Paris, France), sold to Yves Saint Laurent, 1976.

1976 - 2009

Yves Saint Laurent, 1936 - 2008

and Pierre Bergé, 1930 - (55 rue de Babylone, Paris, France) [sold, Christie's, Paris, February 23-25, 2009, lot 48, "a Bronze Head of Janus, Circle of Francesco Primaticcio (1504 - 1570), third quarter 16th century" to J. Kugel Antiquaires]

2009 - 2011

Galerie J. Kugel (25, quai Anatole France, Paris, France), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 2011.

Exhibitions
Disegno: Drawing in Europe 1520-1600 (November 13, 2012 to February 3, 2013)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), November 13, 2012 to February 3, 2013
Bibliography

Glomy, Jean-Baptiste, Paris. Catalogue raisonné d'antiquités égyptiennes, etrusques, grecques, romaines, gauloises, et gothiques [...] et autres curiosités composant le Cabinet de feu M. Picard. January 17-25, 1780, p. 24, lot 32.

Remy, Pierre and Miliotti, Alphonse, Paris. Catalogue de tableaux des trois écoles [...] du Cabinet de feu M. d'Ennery, écuyer. December 11, 1786, p. 16, lot 52.

Murphy, Robert. Les paradis secrets d'Yves Saint Laurent et de Pierre Bergé (Paris: Albin Michel, 2009), pp. 26-27, ill., cover ill.

Christie's, Paris. Collection Yves Saint Laurent and Pierre Bergé, vol. V: Sculptures, Objets d'Art, Art d'Asie, Archéologie et Mobilier. February 25, 2009 pp. 136-9, lot 486.

Alexis Kugel. Anticomania, exh. cat. (Paris, Kugel Galerie, 2010) pp. 74-5, pp. 44-45 ill.

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