Modern Rome - Campo Vaccino

Object Details

Title:

Modern Rome - Campo Vaccino

Artist/Maker(s):

Joseph Mallord William Turner (British, 1775 - 1851)

Culture:

British

Place(s):

England (Place created)

Date:

1839

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

91.8 x 122.6 cm (36 1/8 x 48 1/4 in.)

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Ten years after his final journey to Rome, Turner envisioned the Eternal City through a veil of memory. Baroque churches and ancient monuments in and around the Roman Forum seem to dissolve in iridescent light shed by a moon rising at left and a sun setting behind the Capitoline Hill at right. Amidst these splendors, the city's inhabitants carry on with their daily activities. The picture's nacreous palette and shimmering light effects exemplify Turner at his most accomplished.

When first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1839 with its pendant, Ancient Rome; Agrippina Landing with the Ashes of Germanicus,the painting was accompanied by a modified quotation from Lord Byron's masterpiece, Childe Harold's Pilgrimage(1818): "The moon is up, and yet it is not night, / The sun as yet divides the day with her." Like the poem, Turner's painting evokes the enduring sublimity of Rome, which had been for artists throughout history less a place in the real world than one in the imagination.

The painting is in a remarkable state of preservation and remains untouched since it left Turner's hands.

Provenance
1839 - 1864

Hugh Andrew Johnstone Munro of Novar, Scottish, 1797 - 1864 (113 Park Street, London, England), acquired from the artist at the Royal Academy exhibition, 1839; by inheritance to his heirs, 1864.

1864 - 1878

Heirs of Hugh Andrew Johnstone Munro of Novar, Scottish, 1797 - 1864 [sold, Novar Collection sale, Christie's, London, April 6, 1878, lot 99, for 4450 gns., through Frederick Davis to Archibald, fifth earl of Rosebery.]

1878 - 1929

Archibald Philip Primrose, fifth earl of Rosebery, Scottish, 1847 - 1929

and Hannah de Rothschild, countess of Rosebery, 1851 - 1890 (107 Piccadilly, London, England, until 1888; thereafter, 38 Berkeley Square, London, England), by inheritance to their heirs, 1929.

1929 - 2010

Heirs of Archibald Philip Primrose, fifth earl of Rosebery, Scottish, 1847 - 1929 (38 Berkeley Square, London, England, until 1978; thereafter on loan to the National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh) [sold, Sotheby's, London, July 7, 2010, lot 57, to the J. Paul Getty Museum.]

Exhibitions
The Exhibition of the Royal Academy. MDCCCXXXIX. The Seventy-First (1839) (Cat. 70)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), 1839
Exhibition of Works by the Old Masters, and by Deceased Masters of the British School [...]: Winter Exhibition, Twenty-Seventh Year. MDCCCXCVI (1896) (Cat. 12)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), 1896
J. M. W. Turner (February 5 to March 15, 1953) (Cat. 91)
  • Whitechapel Art Gallery, (London), February 5 to March 15, 1953
Byron (May 30 to August 25, 1974) (Cat. S39)
  • Victoria and Albert Museum, (London), May 30 to August 25, 1974
Turner, 1775-1851 (November 16, 1974 to March 2, 1975) (Cat. 517)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), November 16, 1974 to March 2, 1975
Turner and Byron (June 3 to September 20, 1992) (Cat. 37)
  • Tate Gallery, (London), June 3 to September 20, 1992
Imagining Rome: British Artists and Rome in the Nineteenth Century (May 3 to June 23, 1996) (Cat. 11)
  • Bristol Museum and Art Gallery, (Bristol), May 3 to June 23, 1996
William Turner: Licht und Farbe (September 15, 2001 to May 26, 2002) (Cat. 194)
  • Museum Folkwang, (Essen), September 15, 2001 to January 6, 2002
  • Kunsthaus Zürich, (Zurich), February 1 to May 26, 2002
J. M. W. Turner (October 1, 2007 to September 21, 2008) (Cat. 118)
  • National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.), October 1, 2007 to January 6, 2008
Turner e l'Italia / Turner & Italy / Turner és Itália (November 16, 2008 to October 25, 2009) (Cat. 74 / 94 /)
  • Palazzo dei Diamanti (Ferrara), November 16, 2008 to February 22, 2009
  • National Gallery of Scotland, (Edinburgh), March 27 to June 7, 2009
  • Szépmüvészeti Múzeum, (Budapest), July 15 to October 25, 2009
J.M.W. Turner: Painting Set Free (September 10, 2014 to January 31, 2016) (84)
  • Tate Britain, (London), September 10, 2014 to January 25, 2015
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), February 24 to May 24, 2015
  • The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, June 20 to September 20, 2015
Related Media
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    Audio: Modern Rome - Campo Vaccino / Schaeffer
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    Audio: Modern Rome - Campo Vaccino - French (Highlights)
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    Audio: Ancient Rome; Agrippina Landing with the Ashes of Germanicus and Modern Rome, Campo Viccino