Dancing Faun

Object Details

Title:

Dancing Faun

Artist/Maker(s):

Pietro Cipriani (Italian, about 1680 - before 1745)

Culture:

Italian

Place(s):

Italy (Place created)

Date:

1722 - 1724

Medium:

Bronze

Dimensions:

143.5 cm (56 1/2 in.)

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This dancing faun is now more precisely identified as a satyr. Satyrs are roguish figures from ancient mythology and literature known for their love of wine, music, and mischief. This satyr holds metal cymbalain his hands and wears a kroupezionattached to his sandal. This is a device with a metal plate that would have made a noise rather like a modern tap shoe. His 'faun' features are visible in the tiny horns above his forehead, and in the small goat's tail at his rear. His head is bent over, absorbed by the music, and every muscle of his athletic body seems tensed as he plays; from his deltoid muscles to his abdomen, and down to his calves.

The artist's name is inscribed in Latin on the plinth, or supporting base, of the sculpture. The Dancing Faun –along with Cipriani's Venus–was created for display at Shirburn Castle in Oxfordshire, the seat or country house of the patron for these works. After casting, the artist destroyed the original plasters to prevent a second use, making the works even more extraordinary. Whereas many such sculptures were displayed unprotected outdoors in gardens, these were not. However, the Dancing Faun and Venuswere kept indoors. The condition of the bronze has therefore retained much of the freshness of its original appearance, without staining or pitting of the surface.

Cipriani's Faun is based on a Hellenistic statue that has been on display in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence since the second half of the 1600s. Such copies of Greco-Roman statuary were popular among contemporary wealthy art collectors who wanted their own versions of ancient art seen during their travels in Europe and Greece on what was known as the "grand tour." This particular sculpture, however, takes the 'souvenir' type to the extreme, as it is a large, full-scale work, difficult to transport, and of such high artistic quality.

Provenance
January 1722

Honourable George Parker Second Earl of Macclesfield, English, 1695 - 1764 (Oxfordshire, England), comissioned in Florence for his father.

1724 - 1732

by descent to Sir Thomas Parker, first Earl of Macclesfield, English, 1666 - 1732, Shirburn Castle, Oxfordshire, England.

1732 - 2005

Sir Thomas Parker, first Earl of Macclesfield, English, 1666 - 1732 [sold, Christie's, London, December 1, 2005, lot 64, to Daniel Katz.], by descent to the earls of Macclesfield, Shirburn Castle, Oxfordshire, England.

2005

Daniel Katz Ltd. (London, England), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 2005.

Bibliography

Wright, Edward. Some observations made in travelling through France, Italy, &c. in the years 1720, 1721, and 1722. 2 vols. (London: Printed for Tho. Ward and E. Wicksteed, 1730), vol. 2, p. 1.

Orrery, John Boyle. Letters from Italy, in the years 1754 and 1755, by the late Right Honourable John Earl of Corke and Orrery (London: printed for B. White, Horace's Head, Fleet-Street, 1773), p. 77.

Christie's, London. The Macclesfield Sculpture: The Fruits of Lord Parker's Grand Tour, 1720-22. December 1, 2005, pp. 58-71, lot 64, ill., cover ill.

Connor, T. P. "The fruits of a Grand Tour: Edward Wright and Lord Parker in Italy, 1720-22." Apollo 148 (1998), pp. 25-26, figs. 3, 4, 6.

Roettgen, Steffi. "La cultura dell'antico nella Firenze del Settecento: una proposta di lettura." In Studi di Storia dell'Arte 20 (2009), p. 187.