All Saints

Object Details

Title:

All Saints

Artist/Maker(s):

Workshop of the Boucicaut Master (French, active about 1390 - 1430)

Culture:

French

Date:

about 1415 - 1420

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold paint, gold leaf, and ink on parchment

Dimensions:

Leaf: 20.5 x 14.8 cm (8 1/16 x 5 13/16 in.)

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Holy men and women robed in the rich, elegant colors of rose, burgundy, gold, orange, and blue illustrate a prayer to All Saints. Their objects identify the saints in the front row. Saint Lawrence, in the vestments of a deacon, holds the grill on which he was tortured and killed. John the Baptist gestures toward a lamb, which alludes to his pronouncement about Christ: "Behold the Lamb of God." Saint Peter's key symbolizes the authority Christ granted him, saying "I will give to you the keys to the kingdom of heaven." Saint Catherine of Alexandria holds a wheel and a sword, reminders of the tortures she suffered for her faith.

By individualizing the saints' features and interspersing staffs, crosses, and martyr's palms among them, the anonymous illuminator known as the Boucicaut Master varied the rather formal construction of the miniature's repetitious lines of halos.

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Exhibitions
French Illumination in the Late Middle Ages (October 15 to December 29, 1991)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 15 to December 29, 1991
The Cult of Saints in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (October 26, 1993 to January 9, 1994)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), October 26, 1993 to January 9, 1994
Devotion and Desire: Views of Women in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (July 25 to October 8, 1995)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), July 25 to October 8, 1995
Faces of Power and Piety: Portraits in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (February 2 to April 18, 1999)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), February 2 to April 18, 1999
The Cult of Saints (April 25 to July 16, 2006)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), April 25 to July 16, 2006