The J. Paul Getty Museum

The Annunciation to the Shepherds

Object Details


The Annunciation to the Shepherds


Boucicaut Master and Workshop (French, active about 1390 - 1430)




Paris, France (Place Created)


about 1415 - 1420


Tempera colors, gold paint, gold leaf, and ink on parchment

Object Number:

Ms. 22 (86.ML.571), fol. 67


Leaf: 20.5 × 14.8 cm (8 1/16 × 5 13/16 in.)

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Object Description

One shepherd looks up in awe and another shields his eyes as two angels greet them with the phrase written on the scroll: Gloria in excelsis deo et in terr[a pax] (Glory to God in the heights and on earth peace). The angels then announce that the Christ child has been born in Nazareth, and one of them points to the town in the distance. This miniature is the fourth in a series of eight scenes depicting the life of the Virgin Mary. The scenes accompany the eight sets of prayers of the Hours of the Virgin. Laypeople recited the cycle of prayers over the course of a single day. During that time, the Virgin's story--beginning with the Annunciation and ending with her coronation in heaven--unfolded in pictures before the devout reader.

The Art of the Written Word: Medieval and Renaissance Calligraphy in Illuminated Manuscripts (January 16 to April 1, 1990)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), January 16 to April 1, 1990
Ten Centuries of French Illumination (April 23 to July 7, 1996)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 23 to July 7, 1996
The Medieval Best Seller: Illuminated Books of Hours (October 29, 2002 to January 19, 2003)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), October 29, 2002 to January 19, 2003