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Initial D: Saint John the Baptist
Attributed to Cosmè Tura (Italian (Ferrarese), about 1430 - 1495)
Ferrara, Italy (Place created)
about 1470 - 1480
Tempera and gold on parchment
Leaf: 35 x 29.8 cm (13 3/4 x 11 3/4 in.)
The isolated figure of John the Baptist is set against a harsh, minimal landscape. He points up toward heaven with a brittle finger and looks down reflectively toward the inhospitable earth. The Latin words on his winding scroll, taken from the Bible, explain the barren setting, Ego vox clamantis [in deserto] (I am the voice crying aloud in the wilderness).
The cutting comes from a Franciscan gradual (the choir book containing the sung portions of the mass) illuminated by the important fifteenth-century Italian artist, Cosmè Tura, official court artist to the prominent Este family of Ferrara. Tura imbues the scene with a sense of palpable melancholy, not only through the sensitively rendered face of Saint John, but also through the stark landscape and muted colors of the miniature.
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