The Crucifixion

Object Details


The Crucifixion


Vincent Raymond (French, died 1557, active by 1535)




Rome, Italy (Place created)


about 1545


Tempera and gold on parchment

Object Number:

Ms. 85, recto


Leaf: 37.2 × 26 cm (14 5/8 × 10 1/4 in.)

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This miniature depicts a monumental crucified Christ, recalling the bulky, heroic male nudes of Michelangelo, against the background of a vast atmospheric landscape and billowing clouds. Inscribed at the top of the frame is a response from the Feast of the Exaltation of the Cross: "You who suffered for us, O Jesus Christ, have pity on us." At the bottom is an antiphon from the same feast: We adore you, Christ, and we bless you because [by your holy cross you have redeemed the world.]"

The artist, Vincent Raymond, who was French by origin, worked in Rome for decades. In 1549 he was finally appointed papal illuminator under Paul III. This miniature comes from a missal perhaps made for that pontiff.

Related Works
Masterpieces in Miniature: Italian Manuscripts from the Middle Ages and Renaissance (March 29 to June 12, 2005)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 29 to June 12, 2005
Masterpieces in Miniature: Italian Manuscript Illumination from the J. Paul Getty Museum (September 25, 2005 to January 2, 2006)
  • National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.), September 25, 2005 to January 2, 2006
Landscape in the Renaissance (August 1 to October 15, 2006)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), August 1 to October 15, 2006
Sacred Landscapes: Nature in Renaissance Manuscripts (October 10, 2017 to January 7, 2018)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), October 10, 2017 to January 7, 2018