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Eadweard J. Muybridge (American, born England, 1830 - 1904)
Palo Alto, California, United States, North America (Place created)
negative 1878–1879; print 1881
Iron salt process
Sheet: 18.9 × 22.6 cm (7 7/16 × 8 7/8 in.)
In the early 1880s Leland Stanford, an industrialist and former governor of California, commissioned Eadweard Muybridge to test a theory: that all four hoofs of a horse lift off the ground during a gallop. Muybridge devised a system for simultaneously tripping the shutters of up to twenty-four cameras arranged on a low shelf as the animal advanced across a racetrack. This test succeeded in visually halting the motion of a rapidly moving horse and proving the theory to be correct.