The Gates of Hell and Lucifer

Object Details

Title:

The Gates of Hell and Lucifer

Artist/Maker:

Simon Marmion (Flemish, active 1450 - 1489)

Culture:

Franco-Flemish

Place:

Ghent Belgium Valenciennes France (Place created)

Date:

1475

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold leaf, gold paint, and ink on parchment

Dimensions:

Leaf: 36.3 x 26.2 cm (14 5/16 x 10 5/16 in.)

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The angel takes Tondal's soul to the gate of Hell. Amidst a crowd of demons, the great Lucifer squeezes writhing souls in his ten thousand hands as if they were in a winepress. He then tosses the crushed souls into the flames around him. Tondal's soul recognizes many of his friends and family members suffering in this infernal region.

Related Works
Exhibitions
"The Visions of Tondal" and Manuscripts from the Time of Margaret of York (April 17 to July 1, 1990)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 17 to July 1, 1990
The Apocalypse and Other Visions in Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts (April 16 to June 30, 1991)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 16 to June 30, 1991
The Image of Time (March 31 to July 2, 2000)
  • Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian (Lisbon), March 31 to July 2, 2000
Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (June 17, 2003 to February 22, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 17 to September 7, 2003
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), November 29, 2003 to February 22, 2004