The Forge of Vulcan

Object Details


The Forge of Vulcan


Simon Marmion (Flemish, active 1450 - 1489)




Valenciennes France Europe Ghent Belgium Europe (Place created)




Tempera colors, gold leaf, gold paint, and ink on parchment

Object Number:

Ms. 30, fol. 27


Leaf: 36.3 × 26.2 cm (14 5/16 × 10 5/16 in.)

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In the Valley of Fire, demons seize Tondal's soul and throw it into a blazing forge. Here demons cook sinners' souls and then pound them into a fiery mass with anvils. As before, the angel rescues Tondal's soul after much torment and asks him if the "delights and pleasures of the flesh" he enjoyed on earth were worth the punishment delivered in hell. Tondal, however, is so weak he cannot utter a word.

Related Works
"The Visions of Tondal" and Manuscripts from the Time of Margaret of York (April 17 to July 1, 1990)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 17 to July 1, 1990
Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (June 17, 2003 to February 22, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 17 to September 7, 2003
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), November 29, 2003 to February 22, 2004
Illuminated Manuscripts from Belgium and the Netherlands (August 24, 2010 to February 6, 2011)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), August 24, 2010 to February 6, 2011