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The Torment of Thieves: Tondal Leads a Cow Across a Nail-studded Bridge
Simon Marmion (Flemish, active 1450 - 1489)
Valenciennes France Ghent Belgium (Place created)
Tempera colors, gold leaf, gold paint, and ink on parchment
Leaf: 36.3 x 26.2 cm (14 5/16 x 10 5/16 in.)
In the part of hell reserved for thieves, Tondal must lead a cow over a narrow bridge in penance for once having stolen a cow from a friend. At the midpoint of the bridge, which is only as wide as his hand and studded with sharp iron nails, Tondal encounters another sinner carrying sheaves of wheat. Miraculously, Tondal and the man pass each other and make it across, completing their penance without falling into the pit of demons below.
"The Visions of Tondal" and Manuscripts from the Time of Margaret of York (April 17 to July 1, 1990)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 17 to July 1, 1990
Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (June 17, 2003 to February 22, 2004)
- Royal Academy of Arts (London), November 29, 2003 to February 22, 2004