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The Torment of the Proud - Valley of Burning Sulphur
Simon Marmion (Flemish, active 1450 - 1489)
Valenciennes France Ghent Belgium (Place created)
Tempera colors, gold leaf, gold paint, and ink on parchment
The angel leads Tondal's soul across a narrow bridge, "in width barely one foot" and "much more than a thousand feet in length." Tondal's soul hears the piteous moans of souls of "the proud, the ungrateful, and the presumptuous" from below as they tumble into the deep valley.
"The Visions of Tondal" and Manuscripts from the Time of Margaret of York (April 17 to July 1, 1990)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), April 17 to July 1, 1990
Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (June 17, 2003 to February 22, 2004)
- The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 17 to September 7, 2003
- Royal Academy of Arts (London), November 29, 2003 to February 22, 2004