Studies of Saints John the Baptist and Jerome, a Crucifix, and Various Heads (recto); Studies of the Christ Child, a Crucifix, and a Dog (verso)

Object Details

Title:

Studies of Saints John the Baptist and Jerome, a Crucifix, and Various Heads (recto); Studies of the Christ Child, a Crucifix, and a Dog (verso)

Artist/Maker(s):

Parmigianino (Francesco Mazzola) (Italian, 1503 - 1540)

Culture:

Italian

Place(s):

Italy (Place created)

Date:

about 1525 - 1527

Medium:

Red chalk

Dimensions:

13.5 x 22.1 cm (5 5/16 x 8 11/16 in.)

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Renowned for the austere remoteness of his Mannerist paintings, Parmigianino nonetheless created drawings that display dynamic energy and human warmth. He used self-discipline to transform his initial passionate concepts from the freedom and rhythms of sheets like this to the famed glacial grace of his panel paintings. An instinctive and prolific draftsman, he often covered both sides of sheets with varied figures and themes.

Scholars generally connect the drawings on the recto–Saint John the Baptist, Saint Jerome, a crucifix seen from the side, and several heads–with Parmigianino's famous altarpiece, the Vision of Saint Jerome in the National Gallery of Art in London. Parmigianino may also have drawn these figures as a compositional study for a similar, earlier altarpiece that was either lost or never made. The verso includes a standing Christ Child, another crucifix, and a large, handsome greyhound that appears in a paintingfrom about 1523.

Exhibitions
Drawings from the J. Paul Getty Museum (May 24 to August 8, 1993) (79; recto)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art, (New York), May 24 to August 8, 1993
Drawings from the J. Paul Getty Museum (October 29, 1993 to January 23, 1994) (32; recto)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), October 29, 1993 to January 23, 1994
Red Chalk Drawings (March 16 to May 30, 1999) (recto)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 16 to May 30, 1999
Drawings by Correggio and Parmigianino (October 6, 2000 to May 6, 2001) (recto)
  • The British Museum, (London), October 6, 2000 to January 7, 2001
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art, (New York), February 4 to May 6, 2001
A North Italian Itinerary: Renaissance Drawings from Leonardo to Titian (December 6, 2005 to February 26, 2006) (recto)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), December 6, 2005 to February 26, 2006