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Moses and the Ark of the Covenant
Rudolf von Ems (Austrian, about 1200 - 1254)
Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany (Place Created)
Tempera colors, gold, silver paint, and ink
Ms. 33 (88.MP.70), fol. 89v
Leaf: 33.5 × 23.5 cm (13 3/16 × 9 1/4 in.)
Below on the right, following his descent from Mount Sinai to deliver the Law to the Israelites, Moses is depicted with horns, a tradition that grew from a misunderstanding of the biblical text that describes rays of light emanating from his head.
At the top of the miniature, the Ark of the Covenant containing the Tablets of the Law stands on the summit of Mount Sinai. For his representation of the ark, the artist drew upon biblical accounts describing its golden material, shape, and the cherubim affixed to the corners. Although the three scenes are not explicitly linked, the importance of the ark to the whole Moses story is made clear by its commanding position in the miniature.
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