View of the Rhine River Valley (recto); View of the Heideberger Mill Near Cleves (verso)

Object Details

Title:

View of the Rhine River Valley (recto); View of the Heideberger Mill Near Cleves (verso)

Artist/Maker(s):

Aelbert Cuyp (Dutch, 1620 - 1691)

Culture:

Dutch

Date:

about 1651 - 1652

Medium:

Black chalk, graphite, gray wash (recto); black chalk and graphite (verso)

Dimensions:

13.2 x 23.7 cm (5 3/16 x 9 5/16 in.)

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Aelbert Cuyp was mesmerized by Holland's flatness. Using a long, narrow sheet of paper, he expressed vastness in breadth by compressing the landscape into thin strata that continue off the sides of the page. By choosing a low horizon line, he extended the openness to include a large area of blank, cloudless sky. He created aerial perspective and conveyed the sense of endlessness in depth by drawing the foreground in black chalk and the background in silvery graphite. This view seems miniaturized: buildings, boats, figures, and even grazing animals are indicated by dots of chalk in the middle distance, while similar, even more abbreviated markings create a distant background.

Cuyp drew this scene in a sketchbook he made on his journey to southern Holland and northern Germany in 1651 and 1652, but the exact location remains unidentified.

The verso continues the scene from a sheet in the Musée Condé in Chantilly, France. The scene depicts Cleves, in present-day Germany, with this part showing the Heideberger Mill and a portion of the city wall. A slight discrepancy in size between the two sheets indicates that one or both of the pages was cut down.

Exhibitions
Drawings from the J. Paul Getty Museum (May 24 to August 8, 1993) (35; recto)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art, (New York), May 24 to August 8, 1993
Drawings from the J. Paul Getty Museum (October 29, 1993 to January 23, 1994) (84; recto)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), October 29, 1993 to January 23, 1994
Dutch Drawings of the 16th and 17th Centuries (August 16 to October 23, 1994) (84; recto)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, (Malibu), August 16 to October 23, 1994
Landscape Drawings 1500 - 1900 (June 9 to August 23, 1998) (recto)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), June 9 to August 23, 1998
Drawing the Landscape: 1500 - 1800 (January 23 to April 15, 2001) (recto)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), January 23 to April 15, 2001
Dutch Drawings of the Golden Age (May 28 to August 25, 2002) (recto)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 28 to August 25, 2002
Drawing Life: The Dutch Visual Tradition (November 24, 2009 to February 28, 2010) (recto)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), November 24, 2009 to February 28, 2010