The J. Paul Getty Museum

Collection of Ptolemaic Jewelry (16)

Object Details

Title:

Collection of Ptolemaic Jewelry (16)

Artist/Maker:

Unknown

Culture:

Greek

Place:

Egypt (Place Created)

Date:

225–175 B.C.

Medium:

Gold with various inlaid and attached stones, including garnet, carnelian, pearl, bone, moonstone, amethyst, emerald, and glass paste

Object Number:

92.AM.8

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Object Description

In the Hellenistic period, the Greek world was flooded with gold. Greece itself had few sources of this precious metal, and they had been depleted by the late Classical period. Alexander the Great's conquest of the Persian Empire, which included Egypt, made vast resources of gold available for the first time. The various royal courts of Alexander's successors, including the Ptolemies in Egypt, comprised a wealthy clientele with a taste for luxury, which, in combination with this new abundance of gold, led to an immense outpouring of gold jewelry.

This spectacular assemblage may have belonged to an important and wealthy woman in Ptolemaic Egypt. It comprises a hairnet with an image of Aphrodite and Eros; a diadem with an elaborate Herakles knot; two pairs of hoop earrings with antelope-head finials; a pair of disk pendant earrings with a figure of Eros; one pair of upper-arm bracelets in the form of a coiled snake; one pair of wrist bracelets in the form of coiled snakes; two rings inset with intaglios, one representing Artemis, the other Fortuna holding a double cornucopia; 28 miscellaneous beads and one stud; and a string of gold beads in the shape of cowrie shells.

Provenance
Provenance
- 1990

Robin Symes (London, England), sold to Barbara and Lawrence Fleischman, 1990.

1990 - 1992

Barbara Fleischman and Lawrence Fleischman, American, 1925 - 1997 (New York, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992.

Bibliography
Bibliography

"La Chronique des Arts: Principales Acquisitions des Musée en 1992." Gazette des Beaux-Arts 121, ser. 6 (March 1993), pp. 1-104; 1 is published; see ext.

"Acquisitions/1992." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 21 (1993), pp. 108-9, no. 12.

Pfrommer, Michael. "Roots and Contacts: Aspects of Alexandrian Craftsmanship." Alexandria and Alexandrianism (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1996), pp. 171-89, 3 and .7 are published; see exts.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), All are published; see exts.

Towne Markus, Elana. Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Antiquities. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), .1, .2, .4, and .6 are published; see exts.

Pfrommer, Michael. Alexandria: Im Schatten der Pyramiden (Mainz: P. von Zabern, 1999), .1-.9 are published; see exts.

Pfrommer, Michael. "Hellenistisches Gold und ptolemaeische Herrscher." In Studia Varia from the J. Paul Getty Museum 2. Occasional Papers on Antiquities 10 (2001), pp. 79-114, fig. 17 (as group); for .1-.11, see exts.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), .1-.9 are published; see exts.

Pfrommer, Michael, with E. Towne Markus. Greek Gold from Hellenistic Egypt. Getty Museum Studies on Art (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), passim.

Pfrommer, Michael. Könignnen Vom Nil (Mainz am Rhein: von Zabern, 2002), p. 108, abb. 93.

Jackson, Monica M. Hellenistic Gold Eros Jewellery: Technique, Style and Chronology (Oxford: Archaeopress/BAR International Series, 2006), p. 168.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), p. 37, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), p. 90.

Lapatin, Kenneth. Luxus: The Sumptuous Arts of Greece and Rome (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2015), pp. 75, 232, pl. 40.

Picon, Carlos, and Sean Hemmingway, eds. Pergamon and the Hellenistic Kingdoms of the Ancient World (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2016), pp. 225-227, no. 159, ill., entry by Mary Louise Hart.