The J. Paul Getty Museum

Pair of Disk Ear Studs

Object Details

Title:

Pair of Disk Ear Studs

Artist/Maker:

Unknown

Culture:

Etruscan

Place:

Etruria (Place Created)

Date:

525–500 B.C.

Medium:

Gold

Object Number:

83.AM.2.1

Dimensions:

4.8 cm (1 7/8 in.)

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Object Description

Seven rosettes form the decoration of this pair of large Etruscan earrings. Placed in a circular arrangement around a central point, the rosettes were made separately and attached to a backing disk of sheet gold with a slightly raised edge. Along the outer edge of the disks, repoussé human masks fill the angles between the rosettes. Several difficult gold-working techniques, including granulation and filigree embellish the surface of the earrings. A hollow gold tube ending in a loop projects from the back of each earring. This post would have gone through a pierced ear and been held in place by a pin placed through the loop.

The highly skilled Etruscan goldsmiths of the 500s B.C. created luxurious and showy jewelry. Large disk earrings such as this pair were popular in Etruria from the 500s down to the 300s B.C. and are frequently seen on figures depicted in Etruscan art. This set of earrings probably came from Caere, a wealthy city on the western coast of Etruria. Caere's prosperity came from its iron and copper mines, whose ore was traded with the Greeks and Phoenicians in exchange for gold.

Provenance
Provenance
by 1982 - 1983

Robin Symes, Limited, founded 1977, dissolved 2005 (London, England), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983.

Bibliography
Bibliography

Taimsalu, Parm. "Etruscan Gold Jewellery," Aurum 4 (1980), pp. 37-41, figs. 3a-b.

Wolters, Jochem. Die Granulation. Geschichte und Technik einer alten Goldschmiedekunst (Munich: Callwey, 1983), p. 82, figs 117, 118.

"Acquisitions/1983." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 12 (1984), p. 255, no. 138.2.A; fig. 138c.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 58.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), p. 60.

Gemological Institute of America and the World Gold Council. Gold and Precious Metals 1993, 2, Ill. p. 6. Cited withouth credit or inv. no.

Burkhalter, Lisa. "Three Pairs of Etruscan Disc Ear Ornaments," Studia Varia from the J. Paul Getty Museum 1. Occasional Papers on Antiquities 8 (1993), pp. 5-12, p. 5, fig. 1.

Hainshek, Beate. "Der Schmuck der Etruskerin." Ph.D. diss. (KarlFranzens Universität Graz, 1994), p. 30, cat. II.2.29.

Towne Markus, Elana. Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Antiquities. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 77.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection (Los Angeles: 2002), p. 144.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), p. 139.